CSU HIST 100 - Isaac Newton (4 pages)

Previewing page 1 of 4 page document View the full content.
View Full Document

Isaac Newton

Previewing page 1 of actual document.

View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

Isaac Newton


Isaac Newton Arrest Galileo Galilei Johannes Kepler Nicolaus Copernicus Flaws In Geocentric model Copernican Revolution Beginning of the scientific revolution French wars of religion

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
Colorado State University- Fort Collins
Hist 100 - Western Civilization, Pre-Modern (GT-HI1)
Unformatted text preview:

HIST 100 1st Edition Lecture 17 French wars of religion 1562 1598 a series of wars between French Catholics and French protestants Huguenots 2 million to 4 million people killed Massacre of vassy Bartholomew s day massacre Edicts of Nantes o Catholicism is the official religion in France o Huguenots can worship and hold office in certain regions Religion toleration in France o By political necessity not conviction Beginning of the scientific revolution 16th and 17th centuries new phrases in traditional development o unlike renaissance humanism o math astronomy medicine had always been important to society come to define intellectual life These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute o placed science at the center o unique to the west must be seen in light of religious history o arguments with the church o also side by side development with the church not out of divorce from church 19th century Copernican Revolution New science developments from a new model Motion of the planets o Traditionally held the geocentric model o Fit with Christian theology and 2 thousand years of tradition Nicolaus Copernicus o Suggested the heliocentric model o Confirmed by tycho brahe and Johannes kepler Flaws In Geocentric model Event to the naked eye planets movement was irregular o Transit of venus and mini eclipse that follows Venus passes between earth and sun o Various arguments to explain the inconsistencies Epicycles etc none satisfactory o Perfect circles with earth ie Gods creation at the center was too appealing Nicolaus Copernicus 1510 German polish astronomer heliocentric model removed many inconsistencies by 1514 he circulated his ideas with his friends o the spend years gathering data on the movements of the heavenly bodies o not published until 1543 the year of his death o fear of it upsetting the catholic church but it did not Johannes Kepler left horrible nearsighted from smallpox o relied on his teacher tycho brahes astronomical tables famous axioms of planetary motion planets move in ellipses around the sun non uniform speeds velocity of each planet throughout its orbit is in direct proportion to its distance from the sun at given moment Geocentric model to heliocentric model main idea Galileo Galilei genius in astronomy mathematics physics tinkerer crafted even better telescopes o 8x magnification discovered the moons of Venus o no allowance for this in the geocentric model confirmed by christoph clavius most prominent mathematician in the church Arrest 1616 the church condemned the heliocentric theory as contrary to scripture o Copernicus and kepler had presented as simply math o Galileo makes open conflict for bible interpretation 1623 published a treatise on comets o argued that comets were optical illusions o insulted correct astrologers many were clerics 1632 taken before the inquisition at Rome o because he asserted heliocentric model was true Isaac Newton Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica Laid the foundations for classical mechanics Contributions to optics Development of calculus o Shares credit with Gottfried Leibniz

View Full Document

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...

Join to view Isaac Newton and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Isaac Newton and access 3M+ class-specific study document.


By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?