VCU PSYC 407 - Exam 3 review sheet PSYC 407 (14 pages)

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Exam 3 review sheet PSYC 407



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Exam 3 review sheet PSYC 407

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Pages:
14
School:
Virginia Commonwealth University
Course:
Psyc 407 - Psychology of the Abnormal
Psychology of the Abnormal Documents
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Personality Disorders What is the main difference between an Axis I and Axis II disorders Axis I Patients see their symptoms as not part of their normal way of being ego dystonic o Want relief o Relatively clear onset of symptoms Axis II Patients don t usually see their disorder as a problem Rather they see them as part of their actual personality Ego syntonic o They may feel distress but they don t realize that their own actions are causing the problems o Often does not bother the actual person afflicted with disorder but bothers or harm other people What are the characteristics that make a personality disordered enduring patterns of thoughts feelings and behavior that are consistent across time and situation makes our behavior predictable but hopefully we have enough flexibility to adapt to new situations o ways of interacting with the world are inflexible or maladaptive that they cause a person or others around them significant impairment pervasive patterns Do people with anxiety disorders feel distressed about their behavior Yes Axis I disorders are typically distressing to the person experiencing them Know the names of the of the clusters and what specific personality disorders fall within each cluster Cluster A Odd or Eccentric Sometimes called schizophrenia spectrum disorders o Paranoido Schizoido Schizotypal Cluster B Dramatic emotional erratic o Antisocial o Borderline o Histrionic o Narcissistic Cluster C Fearful or Anxious o Avoidanto Dependent o Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder What are main features of each personality disorder we covered in class Cluster A o Paranoid Pervasive pattern of mistrust and suspicion Pervasive and unjustified suspicion Few meaningful relationships Interprets everything as malicious Sees self as right and justified blameless Sensitive to criticism There is no proven treatment since people with this disorder don t tend to seek help Causes early abuse experience Difference between schizophrenic paranoia no delusions just sees the world as a hard place where everyone is likely to take advantage of them o Schizoid Pervasive pattern of detachment from social relationships Little interest in social relationships may be indifferent to family seek jobs that don t require much interaction Patient is not troubled by this they re not depressed or unhappy They just don t like the company of others o Schizotypal Closest to Axis I disorder Pervasive pattern of acute discomfort in close relationships Behavioral eccentricities and cognitive distortion o May dress oddly or have odd thoughts and perceptions never to the point of real hallucinations or delusions Want relationships but often get depressed over their own awkwardness o They feel really uncomfortable being around others Cluster B o Antisocial Against society Pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others Lack of remorse or guilt for the violation of rights of others Similar to psychopaths in this regard Often in trouble with the law o Borderline Pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships self image and affects along with marked or substantial impulsivity Have trouble maintaining stability in any portion of their life o One minute things are perfect the next second things are awful o When things are good they re really good and vice versa Always in intense emotional states and they re hard to deal with Very manipulative o May be impulsively suicidal or self harming Not actually trying to die they do it for attention o Frantic efforts to avoid either real or imagined abandonment o Histrionic Pervasive pattern of excessive emotionality and attention seeking beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts Shallow emotions unlike Borderline Overly dramatic Sexually provocative Appearance focused Similar traits to Antisocial PD o Often diagnosed to women o Narcissistic Pervasive pattern of grandiosity in fantasy or behavior need for admiration and lack of empathy Believe that they are superior and they should be worshipped unjustifiably Believe that they are unique and special and should be surrounded by other unique and special people Very envious of others and think that others are jealous of them Cluster C o Avoidant Pervasive pattern of social inhibition feelings of inadequacy and hyper sensitivity to negative evaluation Will only put themselves out there if they are absolutely sure that others will like them Extreme sensitivity to opinions of others Fearful of rejection o Would rather be alone than be rejected Avoids most relationships o Not the same as Schizoid Schizoids are not INTERESTED in relationships defect in desire Avoidant WANT to be in relationships but they are so scared of being disliked or rejected they won t take the risk of being involved o Dependent Pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of that leads to submissive and clinging behavior and fears of separation Opposite of Avoidant PD instead of dealing with anxiety alone they cling to others Rely on others for major and minor decisions Expect to be taken care of by others Submissive Feelings of inadequacy High need for reassurance Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder Pervasive pattern of preoccupation of orderliness perfectionism and mental and interpersonal control at the expense of flexibility openness and efficiency Expects others to be organized as well Preoccupation with details lists order etc to the point that major point of activity is lost o Like obsessing over the last few sentences of a paper that you are unwilling to turn it in on time Even if the sentences are perfect when you finally do turn it in you lose the points because it was late It would have been better to turn it in with the mistakes Rigid Perfectionistic o In class she said women book says no difference What are similarities between Antisocial Personality disorder and Narcissistic PD What are differences o Similarities Disregard of others o Lack of empathy Differences o Narcissistic Believe they re entitled to their behavior Believe that they re better than everyone else Always looking for the next best thing o Antisocial Behavior based on contempt particularly on the weaknesses of others Criminal violent behavior Relative prevalence of different personality disorders in men and women see table 11 2 in book paranoid schizoid schizotypal antisocial narcissistic and obsessive compulsive PD diagnosed more often in men borderline PD diagnosed more often in women histrionic


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