VCU SLWK 311 - Family Systems (20 pages)

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Family Systems



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Family Systems

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Pages:
20
School:
Virginia Commonwealth University
Course:
Slwk 311 - Sw & Oppressed Groups
Unformatted text preview:

Learning Plan 5 Family Systems and Life Cycles Mary Knutson R N For Western Wisconsin Technical College December 26 2004 What is a Family Two or more individuals coming from the same or different kinship groups who are involved in a continuous living arrangement usually residing in the same household experiencing common emotional bonds and sharing certain obligations toward each other and toward others Family Centered Nursing Gives a broader picture for care of an individual Recognizes that family units may also need care Assumes that families playa critical role in maintaining health Dysfunction in one member may be related to family disturbance Supportive relationships are important during times of illness Characteristics of Families Every family is a small social system Every family has its own cultural values and rules Every family has structure Every family has certain basic functions Every family moves through stages in its life cycle What is a Family Life Cycle The emotional and intellectual stages you pass through from childhood to your retirement years as a member of a family They are important because your family can profoundly influence your behavior and development Successful transitioning may help prevent disease and emotional or stressrelated disorders Transitional Stage Carter and McGoldrick Between Families stage includes leaving family of origin and beginning a family of marriage Developmental Tasks To differentiate self in relation to the family of origin To develop intimate peer relationships To establish self in relation to work and financial independence Eight Stages of Nuclear Family Life Cycle Duvall and Miller Married Couples No children Childbearing families Families with preschool children Families with school children Families with teenagers Families launching young adults Middle aged parents Aging family members Married Couples No children Beginning families Developmental Tasks To establish a mutually satisfying marriage To relate harmoniously to the kin network To plan a family Childbearing families Oldest child aged birth to 30 months Developmental Tasks To set up young family as a stable unit To reconcile conflicting developmental tasks and needs of family members To maintain mutually satisfying marital relationship To expand relationships within family Families with preschool children Oldest child aged 2 to 6 years Developmental Tasks To meet basic family needs housing food etc To socialize the children To integrate new child members into the family To maintain healthy relationships within the family Families with school children Oldest child aged 6 to 13 years Developmental Tasks To socialize the children To maintain a satisfying marital relationship To meet physical health needs of family members Families with teenagers Oldest child aged 13 to 20 years Developmental Tasks To balance freedom with responsibility of teenagers To focus on the marital relationship To communicate openly between parents and children Families launching young adults Stage begins when oldest child leaves home and ends when youngest child leaves home Developmental Tasks To balance freedom with responsibility of teenagers To focus on the marital relationship To communicate openly between parents and children Middle aged parents Stage begins with empty nest and ends at start of retirement Developmental Tasks To prepare for retirement To re focus on marriage without children To realign relationships to include inlaws and grandchildren To adjust to role as caregiver with declining health of elderly parents Aging family members Stage begins with spouses retirement and ends at their deaths Developmental Tasks To promote healthy active retirement as body ages To explore new family and social roles To adjust to a reduced income and loss death of siblings friends and spouse To review and reflect on life and experiences Traits of a Healthy Family Communicates Affirms Supports Respects Trusts Provides play Humor Shared Responsibility Teaches right and wrong Shares leisure time Rituals and traditions Interaction balance Shared religious care Respects privacy Values service to others Values table time and conversation Admits to and seeks help with problems Family Functions Contributing to Health Promotion Affection Provides a nurturing emotional climate that contributes to healthy growth and development Sense of cohesiveness and nurturance Maintaining morals and motivation Socialization Physical maintenance Provides and regulates economic resources Family Nursing Process Collect family data Build a trusting relationship Identify family strengths Identify actual or potential problems Set mutually agreed upon goals Set priorities Initiate interventions Evaluate effectiveness Role of the Nurse in Family Health Promotion Collaborate between family and health professionals Function as as client advocate Promote and provide health education Assist family to access resources Guide families to identify strengths Establish priorities for change and growth Formulate and evaluate plans for lifestyle modification References www healthsci clayton edu NURS410 fam ilysy htm www unt edu cpe module2 thrybase ht m www peacehealth org kbase topic speci al ty6171 sec1 htm


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