MSU COM 225 - Final Exam Study Guide (6 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide

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Final Exam Study Guide


Final Exam Chapter 9-12

Study Guide
Michigan State University
Com 225 - An Intro to Interpersonal Comm
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COM 225 1nd Edition Exam 3 Study Guide Lectures 16 24 Lecture 16 November 3 What is a goal Three issues in influence 1 instrumental issue address issue when we attempt to achieve a specific goal through talk 2 relational issue work to build shared understanding of who we are to one another 3 identity issue confirm or reject each others s self presentations Persuasion vs directives vs compliance gaining Directives straightforward statements or requests that influence simply by providing information Persuasion communicators use evidence and reasons to get others to comply in cases in which direct requests might meet with resistance Compliance seeking behaviors lie somewhere in the middle communicators use strategic interaction to achieve their ends principles of influence reciprocity Example Pregiving social proof Examples smoky room study list technique artificial lines liking Examples attractiveness celebrities attitude similarity incidental similarity authority Examples clothing Milgram s shock machine Scarcity Consistency we want others to act consistently and we want to act consistently ourselves Examples cognitive dissonance foot in the door low balling how to improve consistency three ways nonassertiveness dysfunctional behavior in which individuals do not stand up for their rights when those rights are infringed upon aggressiveness dysfunctional behavior in which individuals ignore the rights of others by using offensive and hostile behaviors assertiveness standing up for one s own rights without infringing upon the rights of others Reading Luncheon technique Gregory Razran ran a series of studies showing that subjects are more positive about the people and things they experience while eating explain that it is not a long step from Pavlos study to Razrans luncheon technique Self presentation strategies used to manipulate others intimidation aren t at all concerned with being nice ingratiation uses charm helpfulness and flattery to control others self promotion want to be preceded as competent emphasize exert power supplication presentation is that of helplessness Power reward a source perceived as controlling rewards expert sometimes a source is influential because he or she has special knowledge or skill referent and legitimate power NOTE You do not need to know all types of goals e g instrumental informational relational etc Lecture 17 November 5 Importance of definitions of family power power authority structures positional families that establish very clear hierarchical lines of authority and person oriented structures families that allow individual members to determine how much influence they want to exert decision making structures positional vs person oriented consensus when its members try to make a unanimous decision seeking input from all members negotiating differences of opinions or values and finding a solution that everyone feels us satisfactory accommodation less articulate or less dominating members of the family give in to those who hold the power or are more persistent and de facto decision making when neither of the first two methods work one in which a single member of the family acts alone or the matter is decided by events usually after a period of unproductive decision centralized a single family member who interacts a great deal with all the members and may or may not pass information along to the rest of the family and decentralized communication networks one in which frequent interaction is likely to occur among all or most family members boundaries internal boundaries keep the system running and serve the individuals who make up the family unit enmeshed one that scarifies the autonomy of its members in order to experience a great deal of cohesion disengaged promotes independence at the risk of not developing a sense of family loyalty external boundaries provide services t the larger society open family that encourages its members to experience a wide variety of social life and then share those experiences with the rest of the family providing a constant source of new ideas closed reacts to the larger society with a little more suspicion or indifference random boundaries family functions both internal and external you don t have to memorize them all but be familiar with the idea of internal vs external family communication patterns different types of rules 1 creation of specific rules to guide family communication and 2 the development of more general family themes and identities Regulative and Constitutive Rules Lecture 18 November 10 family subsystems husband wife parent child parenting styles parental control Discipline Power assertion Love withdrawal Induction couple types where they fall on the four dimensions e g interdependence Traditional highly interdependent share conventional views of marriage and family life and engage in conflict on a fairly regular basis Separates tend to be more autonomous spouses give each other more room they aren t as expressive and while they hold fairly conservative views on marriage they don t feel as strongly about their views as traditionalists Independents differ from the others in that they subscribe to more nonconventional values and views about relationships Mixed mens that the couples disagree in their definition of the relationship or in their views about marriage Separate traditional most district of theses hybrid types John Gottman Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse Reading Parallel parenting there is little if any consistency in the rules and in discipling the child from different parents Crisis stages stage 1 Shock resulting in numbness or disbelief denial stage 2 Recoil stage reuniting in anger confusion blaming guilt and bargaining stage 3 depression stage 4 reorganization resulting in acceptance and recovery Lecture 19 November 12 how friendships and romantic relationships differ and how they are similar the importance of physical attractiveness in relationships matching hypothesis the decision to interact and pursue a more personal relationship is often based on the perception that we are relative equals in terms of physical beauty factors that increase attractiveness physical attractiveness often most important initial bias for attraction similarity common sense tells us people are attracted to each other because of similarity like the same food politics same kind of people reciprocal liking can also affect attraction often attracted to another person for the simple reason that he or she likes

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