SC PSYC 101 - Social Psychology Continued (3 pages)

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Social Psychology Continued

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Social Psychology Continued


Additional information on Social Psychology, including the cognitive roots to prejudice, and the relationship between attitude and behavior

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Lecture Note
University Of South Carolina-Columbia
Psyc 101 - Intro to Psychology
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PSYC 101 1st Edition Lecture 36 Outline of Last Lecture Social Psychology II Social Relations a Prejudice Prejudgment i Social Roots of Prejudice Outline of Current Lecture I Social Relations Continued a Cognitive Roots of Prejudice i Categorization ii Vivid Cases iii Just World Phenomenon II Social Thinking a Fundamental Attribution Error b Attitudes Behaviors i Attitudes Guiding Behaviors ii Behaviors Guiding Attitudes c Cognitive Dissonance Theory Current Lecture I Social Relations Continued These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute II a Cognitive Roots of Prejudice prejudgments come from how we cognitively simplify the world engrained into up to act cautiously against people who are different i Categorization group people assume things overestimate the similarity of the people within groups different from our own can go away with experience ii Vivid Cases easily remembered can bias judgment unique standout can change our views 1 Ex Internet exposes us to different cultures can be good bad Rodney King Muslims terrorists iii Just World Phenomenon people get what they deserve ex poverty lazy go one of two ways distance self because they deserve it OR help the situation justifying prejudice Social Thinking how we think in social situations a Fundamental Attribution Error the tendency when analyzing another s behavior to underestimate the impact of the situation and overestimate the impact of personal disposition personality i Ex Cut you off in car immediately think douche bag jerk BUT may be on the way to the hospital for pregnant wife or catch an airplane etc ii Meet someone new who is quiet immediately think stuck up aloof BUT may be shy iii Napolitan Goethels 1979 two separate groups one group communicated with a sweet warm person the other group communicated with a rude quiet person Groups asked to rate the person s personality hang out again etc Group one said she was nice would meet up again group two rude not again Then group two was told that she was acting paid to be rude and quiet Group two still said she was rude would not hangout again b Attitude Behavior Why do good people engage in bad behavior Disconnect between attitude and behavior Attitudes will guide behavior if i Outside influences are minimal ex peer pressure ii The attitude is specifically relevant to behavior iii We are keenly consciously aware of our attitudes 1 Ex Deiner Mirror Studies cheating bad experiment group of people given a test and once the buzzer goes off they have to stop writing failure to stop writing cheating If the people were alone in a room more likely to cheat but when a mirror is placed in the room participants will not cheat because they are consciously observing themselves Behaviors will guide attitudes if i Foot in the Door Phenomenon tendency for people who agree to a small action to comply later with a larger one ex salesmen ii Role Playing Zimbardo s Prison Experiment 1972 participants were either guard or prisoner had to stop experiment because guards were getting too into their role ex Nazi s and uniforms iii Cognitive Dissonance Theory we act to reduce discomfort dissonance we feel when two of our thoughts cognition are inconsistent 1 Ex Drinking driving bad but shit how did I get home Thoughts maybe it s not so hard short drive one time thing all justifications to change attitude 2 Famous Study Participants given a boring task one group paid 20 for an hour second group paid 1 for an hour after completing the task group two described the task as more enjoyable justification Recommended If feeling sad unmotivated PRETEND Fake it till you become it Smile laugh act happy It will work

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