UA BSC 109 - Cancers and Genetics (4 pages)

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Cancers and Genetics

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Cancers and Genetics


discusses different types of cancers, symptoms, and genetics terms

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
University of Alabama
Bsc 109 - Intro Biology Non Maj II

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BSC 109 1st Edition Lecture 26 Outline of Last Lecture I Cancer an introduction II Tumors can be benign or cancerous III Cancerous cells lose control over their functions and structures IV How cancer develops V Mutant forms of proto oncogenes tumor suppressor genes and mutator genes contribute to cancer VI A variety of factors can lead to cancer VII The immune system plays an important role in cancer prevention VIII Advances in diagnosis enable early detection IX Cancer treatments X Observe skin lesions for Outline of Current Lecture IX Cancer treatments continued X Common cancers Chapter 19 Genetics and Inheritance I II III IV V Introductory genetics terminology Your genotype is the genetic basis of your phenotype Mendel established the basic principles of genetics Dominant alleles are expressed over recessive alleles Two trait crosses independent assortment of genes for different traits Current Lecture XI XII Cancer treatments continued A Magnetism B Photodynamic therapy C Immunotherapy D Starving cancers E Molecular treatments Common cancers A Lung cancer 1 Smoking is a leading risk factor 2 Most common type of cancer 3 Early symptoms are nonspecific These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute 4 Treated with surgery often combined with radiation and chemotherapy B Colon and rectal cancers 1 Blood in stool rectal bleeding 2 Screening tests can detect cancer early a Detection of blood in stool specimens b Colonoscopy examining interior of colon with flexible fiber optic scope c Treated with polyp removal tumor removal C Breast cancer 1 Early tetection is crucial for survival a Mammogram low dose X ray used for early detection b Detection of a lump on breast exam 2 Risk factors a Genetics b Age c Early onset of menstruation late menopause d Obesity after menopause e Oral contraceptives f Hormone replacement after menopause D Prostate cancer 1 Most common

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