ISU BSC 160 - Final Exam Study Guide (42 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide



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Final Exam Study Guide

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Pages:
42
Type:
Study Guide
School:
Illinois State University
Course:
Bsc 160 - Microbiology and Society
Edition:
1
Documents in this Packet

Unformatted text preview:

BSC 160 1st Edition Final Exam Study Guide Lectures 1 36 Exam 1 Lecture 1 6 Key Characteristics of Microbes 1 Microbes play defense Protects from pathogens 2 Boosting immune system Microbes challenge immune system to protect against autoimmune disease 3 Protect from auto immune disease 4 Keep us Slim Microbes set metabolic rate 5 Detoxify Fight Stress Microbes can use toxic compounds to detox area More stress less diverse microbe population Makes us respond to stress differently 6 Keeps babies healthy Vaginally delivered babies are healthier because they receive mom s microbiome bacterial inoculation Chapter 1 History Relevance of Microbiology Have the ability to synthetically change microbes to different species Micro organisms can exist as a single cell Types fungi algae protozoa bacteria viruses Nucleic acid genome can replicate themselves Microbiology Having tools to grow identify classify observe learn Mostly by looking at pathogens People are dying in other countries because of poor nutrition unsanitary water and conditions 9 of Africans have HIV increasing Emergent disease changing antibiotic resistance HIV Lecture 2 Parasitic relationship 1 benefits 1 gets hurt Commensalism 1 benefits 1 has no impact Cows gut microbes Cow eats grass bacteria has enzymes to break down cellulose to sugar helps digest Mutualism Both benefit Biotechnology Molecular Biology Study of infectious disease Robert Koch Father of medical microbio Anthrax 4 Postulates Show specific microbes are for specific diseases 1 2 3 4 Microbe is only in diseased animals Isolate microbe from diseased animal grown in other culture Inject into healthy mouse Disease reproduces Isolate microbe again show be same as microbe in 2 Limtations 1 Some microbes can t be isolated 2 Can t be tested on humans Louis Pasteur Proved spontaneous contamination is incorrect Found wine sours because of bacteria contamination Lactic acid Boiling can destroy microbes Germ theory of disease Microbes disease Fermentation



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