Pitt PSY 0010 - Psychological Disorders Pt. 2 (4 pages)

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Psychological Disorders Pt. 2

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Psychological Disorders Pt. 2


Psychological Disorders Pt. 2

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
University of Pittsburgh
Psy 0010 - Introduction to Psychology
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PSY 0010 1st Edition Lecture 19 Outline of Last Lecture I Psychological Disorders Pt 1 Outline of Current Lecture II Psychological Disorders Pt 2 Current Lecture Major Depressive Disorder Depressed mood Anhedonia o Lack of pleasure Sleep and or appetite disturbances Feelings of worthlessness Fatigue poor concentration Suicidal thoughts behaviors Have to have at least 5 symptoms and go on for two weeks Dysthymia Closer to normal mood chronic low mood longer duration lower intensity than major depression has to go on for two years Manic Episode Expensive mood Irritability Inflated self esteem These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Increased energy pressured speech Increased excessive activity Bipolar Disorder Switches between manic episodes and depressive episodes o Go in between at least one manic episode and at least one depressive episode Fluctuate between the two episodes Eating Disorders two kinds 1 Anorexia Nervosa o World wide o Has to do with control Refusal to maintain normal body weight 85 of expected body weight Intense fear of weight gain o Hyper focused on eating habits body image etc Distorted self evaluation Amenorrhea o Periods stop can t have children 2 Bulimia Nervosa o no control out of control o at average weight or even maybe over weight Episodes of overeating followed by compensatory behaviors o Vomiting laxative use excessive exercising fasting o Also seen in anorexia but not in reaction to eating because they do not eat much Typically normal or above normal weight Body Image Western cultures tend to place more emphasis on a thin body image than do other cultures Dissociative Disorders Not very common Break in conscious awareness memory and or sense of identity 1 Dissociative Amnesia o memory loss o for personal information related to a traumatic event o explained by our unconscious mind not letting us access this memory 2 Dissociative Fugue o travel from familiar surroundings after traumatic event Dissociative Identity Disorder Person seems to have 2 or more distinct personalities they change all the time Traumatic events core personality alter personality can create these new personalities to escape a traumatic event Schizophrenia Many different types doesn t go away Onset late adolescence early adulthood Affects 1 in 100 people worldwide 24 million o Some biological or genetic influence Effects o Psychosis out of touch with reality o Disorganized thinking o Inappropriate emotions and behavior Positive Symptoms too much or added not good o Excesses of or additional to normal behavior o 1 Delusions unshakeable false beliefs o 2 Hallucinations disturbed or false perceptions Negative Symptoms o Less than or an absence of normal behavior o Poor attention can t focus o Flat affect o Poor speech production Doesn t talk much at all Categories of Schizophrenia o 1 Disorganized hallucinations confused speech inappropriate emotion social impairments o 2 Catatonic periods of statue like immobility mixed with bursts of wild agitated movement and talking o 3 Paranoid delusions of persecution grandeur and jealousy together with hallucinations Biological Explanations o Reduction in dopamine reduces positive symptoms o Similar rate worldwide o Genetic similarity Increase risk Morphological changed in brain like enlargement of fluid filled ventricles Personality Disorders Characterized by o 1 Inflexible and enduring behavior patterns o 2 Impairment in social functioning o 3 Typically without depression anxiety or delusions Anti Social Personality Disorder Lack of morals or conscience for wrongdoing Impulsive Lack regard for consequences Formerly sociopath or psychopath o Don t learn from experiences Borderline Personality Disorder Moody Unstable and unclear sense of identity Clings to others yet pushes them away

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