Pitt PSY 0010 - Personality Pt. 1 (5 pages)

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Personality Pt. 1



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PSY 0010 1st Edition Lecture 17 Outline of Last Lecture I Stress and Health Outline of Current Lecture II Personality Pt 1 Current Lecture Personality Personality Individual s characteristic way of thinking feeling and acting Personality is set doesn t change much after adolescents Psychoanalytic Theory Freud he worked in hospital settings o Patients suffering from nervous disorders Symptoms could not be explained in terms of purely physical causes Clinical experience o first personality theory Freud s Psychoanalytic Theory Structure of the mind Psychosexual stages o Are highly influenced by sexuality Influence of early experiences Freud Structure of the Mind ID o Unconscious psychic energy o Motivated by our sexual drive Ego o Executive Superego o Internalized ideas What we should do and how we should behave These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Mind Conscious mind o What we are fully aware of Preconscious o Outside awareness but accessible Unconscious mind o Work really hard to get access to it ID Unconsciously strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives Operates on the pleasure principle o Demanding immediate gratification Superego Provides standards for the conscience and standards for the future aspirations Ego Functions as executive Mediates demands of ID and superego Defense mechanisms Psychosexual Stages ID s pleasure seeking energies focused on pleasure sensitive body areas called erogenous zones Oral Stage First stage first year Mouth o Erogenous zone Weaning is primary conflict o If there is a problem fixation Anal Stage 1 3 years toilet training Conflict o Expulsive vs retentive Personalities o Problem people who don t get through this problem in a good way will be messy anal retentive Phallic Stage 3 6 years sexual feelings Oedipus complex boys Oedipus Complex Boy s sexual desire for his mother and hatred for his father who is viewed as a rival A girl s desire for her father is called the Electra Complex Identification Cope with threatening impulses by repressing them o Happens unconsciously and becoming more like rival parent Superego gains strength that incorporates parents values Latency Stage 6 to puberty influence of ID is not very present sexual feelings repressed same sex play social skills Genital Stage Puberty Sexual feelings consciously expressed Fixation Unresolved psychosexual stage conflict stuck in stage and retains relevant personality characteristics and behaviors Defense Mechanisms Ego s protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality Ex repression regression regresses back to a period of their life rationalization reinterpret our behavior sublimation when we redirect our sexual angered energy The overuse of these examples will cause problems Behaviorist View Second and opposite to Freud s theory Define personality as a set of learned habits or responses Observable behavior and measureable behavior Social Cognitive View Emphasize importance of other behaviors and own expectations Social Cognitive Albert Bandura Personality is a result of interaction between person and social contact Reciprocal Determinism o 3 Aspects that interact with each other o 1 Internal Cognitive Factors thoughts and feelings about risky activities o 2 Environmental factors bungee jumping friends o 3 Behavior learning to bungee jump Self efficacy o Perception of one s competence in certain situations o How much we can influence something and how competent we think we are o High levels thinking you can do something said that this causes less stress Humanism Focus on traits that make people uniquely human Humanism Carl Rogers Self actualize tendency Sense of self Unconditional o Positive regard love warmth etic unconditionally essential for healthy person Conditional o Positive regard


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