Pitt PSY 0010 - Stress and Health (5 pages)

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Stress and Health

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Stress and Health


Stress and Health

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
University of Pittsburgh
Psy 0010 - Introduction to Psychology

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PSY 0010 1st Edition Lecture 16 Outline of Last Lecture I Exam 3 Study Guide Outline of Current Lecture II Stress and Health Current Lecture Stressors and Stress Stress o Physical emotional cognitive and behavioral responses to stressors Hassles Frustrations delays irritations minor disagreements etc Residual ripples from stressors Little minor hassles collectively can cause a significant amount of stress Psychological Stressors Pressure o Comes from external sources expectations Uncontrollable Uncontrollability Frustration Conflict Two desires or goals only one of which is obtainable Approach Approach o Win win situation o Two desires or goals but you have to pick one Approach Avoidance o Must choose or not choose goal with both positive and negative aspects Avoidance Avoidance o Must choose or not choose o caught between a rock and a hard place These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Fight or Flight Response Automatic physiological response Autonomic Nervous System Sympathetic Division o arouses o fight or flight Parasympathetic Division o calms o rest and digest HPA Axis ANS Activation Adrenal medulla o Secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine Secretion of glucocorticoids o What gets the fight or flight going Hypothalmalic pituitary adrenal Axis HPA Axis Secretion of glucocorticoids Hans Selye General Adaptation Syndrome Body s defense against stress Reaction to any environmental stressor Stress and Disease Heart disease o Stress increases the risk for this because of decrease in liver functions Cancer o Stress impacts t cells they are decreased or impaired and then we won t be able to fight off cancer Diabetes o Increased risk for this with an increase of stress Preventing Suicide Listen ask about feelings companioning most important Stress Appraisal Lazarus and Folkman 1984 Person environment o relationship Primary Appraisal o What is at stake Ex wont

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