Mizzou PSYCH 2410 - Motivation and Achievement (2 pages)

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Motivation and Achievement



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Motivation and Achievement

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summary of in class lecture


Lecture number:
21
Pages:
2
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University of Missouri
Course:
Psych 2410 - Developmental Psychology
Edition:
1

Unformatted text preview:

PSYCH 2410 1st Edition Lecture 21 Outline of Motivation and Achievement I What is Intelligence II Engagement in School Outline of Moral Development I Piaget s Theory of Moral Judgment II Kohlberg s Theory of Moral Development Moral Development Major concern is the reasoning about right and wrong Major assumption is that development is due to cognitive abilities although there are some social influences Major method is the response to moral dilemmas I Piaget s Theory of Moral Judgment Basic principle of Piaget s theory is that there is a rigid acceptance of rules then later moral rules are modifiable There are two stages and one transitional period o Under age 6 children look at the consequences o Older children look to intentions Stage One Younger than 7 or 8 years o Rules are unchangeable o Justice is what authorities say is right o Consequences are important not intentions o Parental rule is unilateral o Think rules are real things that exist outside of people Transitional period 7 or 8 to 10 years o More interaction with peers and more experience with reciprocity o Start to value fairness and equability Stage Two 11 12 years o Moral relativism o Punishment should fit crime o Take intentions into account Across cultures intentions become more important with age II Kohlberg s Theory of Moral Development Strongly influenced by Piaget Stages are discontinuous and hierarchical The why reflects moral reasoning Preconventional 6 10 years o Self centered reasoning o Getting rewards and avoiding punishment Conventional 14 years o Centered on social relationships o Do right so you are considered good Postconventional principled o Centered on ideals Critiques o Cross cultural differences o Kohlberg claimed stages were discontinuous o Asses what you say you do but what would you actually do



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