ISU CJS 101 - Final Exam Study Guide (22 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide



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CJS 101 1st Edition Exam 3 Study Guide Lectures 1 21 Lecture 1 August 20 What are the criminal justice Components Criminal Justice and Criminal justice system defined Criminal Justice Components Criminal Law Social Contract Constitutional Law of Criminal Procedure Criminology and victimology Institutions Administrating Justice Criminal Justice A formal mechanism of social control designed to prevent crime enforce laws and prosecute offenders Criminal justice system Provides public safety and protects individual rights with the institution Mala in se crimes crimes that are considered wrong in themselves ex Rape assault murder robbery Mala prohibita crimes Crimes that are prohibited by the government not because they are wrong in themselves ex Prostitution gambling drugs Lecture 2 Aug 22 6 major types of crimes Goals of all the systems 6 major types of crime Visible crime street crime against persons property ex Violent crime property crime public order crime Occupational crime committed in context of legal business or profession ex White collar crime Organized crime Crimes committed in groups organizations ex Gambling drugs prostitution terrorism Victimless crimes crimes without victims Political crimes By government or against government that are carried out by ideological purposes ex Treason espionage sedition Cyber crimes committed through computers ex Cyber bullying identity theft Goals of the criminal justice system Doing Justice Controlling crime and preventing justice State system handles alleged crimes of state law Federal system handled alleged crimes of federal law Lecture 3 aug 27 Characteristics of criminal justice system Goals of police courts and corrections Characteristics of the Criminal Justice System Discretion Resource dependence Sequential tasks Filtering Goals of Police Keep peace Apprehend violators and combat crime Prevent crime Provide social services Goals of corrections Provide custodial services for sentenced individuals Provide range of community based correctional programs Lecture 4 sept 3 Differences between criminal law and civil law What is criminal law and its limits What re the standards of proof Criminal law and its limits Law a body of rules enacted by public officials in legitimate manner and backed by the force if the state Criminal law a law hat defines a violation of public rights and duties which create a social harm or an injury against society Criminal law Civil Law Public offence regulates relations between ppl Fines go to the state sanction is monetary damages Right of enforcement belongs to the state The person brings the action The govt does not appeal both parties can appeal Sanction can range from fine to incarceration or death Standards of proof reasonable suspicion 20 probable cause 50 preponderance of the evidence 51 reasonable doubt 95 Lecture 5 sept 8 What is going on in America in the 1950 s What is going on in the 1960 s What is crime in America like 1950 s America middle class prosperity relatively low crime and low prison populations world of racial segregation inequality 1960 s a Decade in Flux fight against de jure segregation and for voting rights meets great resistance in the American South assassination of JFK civil rights act of 1964 voting rights act of 1965 mark end to legal or de jure segregation period of tension between non violent civil rights movement more militant activists assassination of Malcolm X vietnam war assassination of MLK Robert Kennedy Massive rise in crime rise of heroin Crime in America prior to the mid 1960 s crime levels were low imprisonment rates low poverty for minorities largely shifted from rural south to urban areas in Midwest north poverty drugs heroin Lecture 6 sept 6 What re the politics of crime control Results of rehab What re the drug stats between whites and blacks What are police strategies Politics of crime control need to crack down on crime increase funding to cops get tough on crime increase punishment minimize rehab programs Results of Rehab doesn t work elimination of treatment programs in prison elimination of educational programs in prison shift focus to punishment and lots of it Drug stats whites and blacks use and sell drugs at similar rates whites sell to friends behind closed doors blacks sell to strangers in public settings Police strategies Police stop and frisk blacks at much higher rate than whites blacks are more likely to be stopped on sidewalk for less valid reasons seizure of contraband from stops are higher for whites than black blacks are more likely than whites to be convicted and incarcerated Lecture 7 Sept 15 What re the layers of the wedding cake What happens after prison time Wedding cake Bottom layer misdemeaners Layer 3 lesser felonies Layer 2 the serious felonies Top layer celebrated cases What happens after prison time Voting rights many states deny voting rights to those on probation and parole Illinois restores voting upon ending incarceration Florida does not permit it for 5 years after being incarcerated and then the individual has to apply Lecture 8 9 22 Eras of policing political professional and comunity Eligible for Execution CHAPTER 1 Chapter 1 Atkins and Jones robbed and murdered Eric Nesbit Atkins 5 4 130 pounds parents divorced born with 6 fingers on each hand foot Atkins role asked friend to borrow gun pointed gun at Nesbitt shot his leg tells jones what to do Jones 26 yrs old 5 4 120 pounds unemployed lived with father Jones role instructed by Atkins to drive to middle of nowhere Jones tried to stop Atkins from shooting but then fled scene without helping Nesbit instead he go in the truck and drove off Nesbitt works at advanced auto parts 21 yrs old wanted to be in air force Nesbitts role stopped at bank and withdrew 60 went to 7 11 for snack then was approached by Atkins and Jones then got shot by Atkins 8 times in middle of nowhere CHAPTER 2 Beginning of chapter Garland Clay finds Eric Nesbitt s body at 5 15 am Troy Lyons was on the case Dr Bush examines body Loss of Nesbitt took huge toll on George Duncan Middle of chapter Crestar bank reviewed tape and gave tape to LYONS first sighting of Nesbitt was alone and withdrew 60 Nesbitt was then seen on tape scared with 2 other men in car photo was put in new and 10 people called identifying Atkins and Jones Suspects Atkins was taken into custody Jones was in hiding but later was found Akins blamed Jones for the killing Courts Prosecutors are responsible for whether facts justify


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