UIUC PHIL 110 - Muslim (3 pages)

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Brief overview of the Muslim religion and Sufism and its beliefs and practices

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Lecture Note
University of Illinois at Urbana, Champaign
Phil 110 - World Religions

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Lecture 23 Outline of Last Lecture I Dogmatic Theology Kalam Eighth Tenth Century II Many Meanings III What is Kalam IV Why Kalam V Two Approaches to the Role of Reason VI Traditionalism VII Rational Theology VIII Islamic Philosophy What has Athens to do with Mecca IX Philosphy Reason and Revelation X Rational Inquiry XI Interpretation XII Sufism XIII Sufism and Reason XIV Unveiling Kashf Outline of Current Lecture XV What is Shi a XVI Who is Ali XVII The Origin PHIL 110 1st Edition Ali and His Followers Imamat Husain and Shi ism 680 CE Formative Period Shi ism and Sunnism Shi ism Beliefs and Practices Sufism The Path Doctrine and Practice Stations Attar s Illustration Practices Remembrance Dhikr Dhikr The Source Current Lecture XXX What is Shi a a Shi a literally means followers b In Islamic history those who expressed a special devotion and loyalty to Ali are called collectively Shi at Ali Ali s followers or Party or more simply the Shi a c Shi a number 130 195 millions or 15 20 percent of the total XXXI Who is Ali a Muhammad s cousin b son in law XVIII XIX XX XXI XXII XXIII XXIV XXV XXVI XXVII XXVIII XXIX c he was raised by muhammad d the first to believe in muhammad e a warrior known of his heroism The Origin a death of Muhammad 632 CE marked the beginning of the split in muslim community succession crisis b Most muslims the forebears of the Sunnis at the time followed the tribe tradition to which a council of elders would choose the most senior and respected elder to become the head of the state XXXIII Ali and His Followers a rejected the new authority on the account that the prophet himself had appointed Ali as his successor b He is Muhamad s trustee who could understand and interpret the inner meaning of Islam as opposed to merely implementing its outwards practices c He is the Imam XXXIV Imamat a These speical spiritual qualities were also the qualities of Ali s descendants through his son Husain b These qualities were not acquired but were given by God to

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