TAMU GEOG 202 - Geopolitical Change (4 pages)

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Geopolitical Change



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GEOG 202 Lecture 20 Outline of Last Lecture South Asian Diaspora o Agriculture o Urban South Asia o Cultural Coherence and Diversity o Religious Diversity Linguistic Diversity Outline of Current Lecture o Geopolitical Change o Geopolitical Issues o Economy o The Rise of India o South Asian Issues Ch 13 Southeast Asia o What is it o Physical Setting o Climate o Environmental Issues o Population and Settlement o Cultural Coherence and Diversity These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute o Geopolitical Current Lecture o o o o Geopolitical Change 1500 s until early 1700 s Mughal Empire British East India Trading Company in mid 1700 s 1856 Became British colony 1947 British withdrew from South Asia The British Partition 1947 Britain withdrew leaving India and Pakistan divided Hindu and Muslim majorities respectively Result of Partition brutality and sovereignty Hundreds of thousands massacred Millions displaced Pakistan split 1971 Bangladesh East Pakistan West Geopolitical Issues Kashmir severe religious conflict and disputed claim between India Pakistan and China Most dangerous place in world Ticking time bomb in Kashmir India and Pakistan Nuclear weapons Pakistan in War on Terror Pre 9 11 supported Taliban US used diplomatic and economic incentives to enlist Pakistan as ally in War on Terror Tribes in western part of country violently disagree and still actively support Taliban Refuge for Osama Bin Laden Top scientist transferred nuclear technology to North Korea Iran and Libya 2007 assassination of former PM and presidential candidate 2008 Mumbai India terror attack by Pakistani citizens Economy Region of striking contrasts Worlds poorest region along w Sub Saharan Africa but immense wealth High tech but high illiteracy Micro loans to women Funding through foundations and NGOs Non government organizations Now potential fraud Nobel prize winning banker accused ABC News The Rise of India Democracy with capitalism Crowded organized chaos Young energetic Outsourcing US economy even medicine What you see outside is not what is inside Economy grows while government sleeps Driven by reference for knowledge o South Asian Issues Widespread gut wrenching poverty Training ground and safe haven for global terrorism Strong hostilities between 2 countries with nuclear weapons Needs updated infrastructure Environmental considerations Population growth Caste system human rights equal opportunities Ch 13 Southeast Asia o What is it o Two sub regions Mainland and Insular Southeast Asia o 11 countries 10 of which are in the Association of Southeast Asian Nation ASEAN o Formerly known as Indochina Highlights influence of India and China o Physical Setting o Plate boundaries indicates high amounts of tectonic activity earthquakes volcanoes tsunamis o Typhoons plus deforestation equal mudslide o Climate o Humid tropical o Seasonal rainfall and equatorial indicators o Natural Hazards Volcanoes Typhoons Tsunamis Earthquakes o Environmental Issues o Deforestation Logging Indigenous farming Export oriented logging Denuded landscapes damaged watersheds reduced biodiversity National parks and protected areas o Air Pollution Urban smog plus smoke Affecting tourism Drought caused natural forest fires Logging brings human induced forest fires o Population and Settlement o Just over 500 million people o Island of Java some of the worlds highest rural population densities o Islands of Borneo and New Guinea have low population densities o Population Indicators Only 40 live in cities Indonesia largest then Philippines and Vietnam largest mainland population In Singapore government pays bonuses for 3rd and 4th child o Primate Cities Manila Philippines More than half city s population lives in squatter settlements Chinatown at geobeats com common to have a connection to China even though China is not in the same region Bangkok Thailand Metro area is 25 times larger than Thailand s next largest city Local etiquette at geobeats com Cultural Coherence and Diversity o South Asian Influence o Chinese Influence o Islamic Influence o Very diverse o Linguistic diverse No unifying language o Religious Indonesia most populous Muslim country in the world 225 million Buddhism dominates mainland Animism in lesser populated highland areas Christianity in Philippines Geopolitical o European colonialism with strong Asian imperialist imprint o More recent US imprint in Philippines and Vietnam o Pirates in Straits of Malacca o Religious tensions o Ethnic tensions between indigenous peoples and Asian migrants o European Colonialism Netherlands France Britain Spain Portugal Thailand has never been colonized o o


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