SC PSYC 101 - Therapy Continued (3 pages)

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Therapy Continued

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Therapy Continued


A completion of Biomedical Therapies, including antidepressants, lithium, and ECT; introduction to Psychological Therapy, including behavior therapies and classical conditioning

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Lecture Note
University Of South Carolina-Columbia
Psyc 101 - Intro to Psychology
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PSYC 101 1st Edition Lecture 33 Outline of Last Lecture II Therapy a Biomedical Therapies b Psychological Therapies III Biomedical Therapies a Drug Therapies i Antipsychotics 1 Traditional Typical 2 Atypical ii Antianxiety Drugs Outline of Current Lecture Biomedical Drug Therapies Continued IV Drug Therapies Continued a Antidepressants b Lithium V Other Biomedical Therapies a Electroconvulsive Shock Therapy VI Psychological Therapies a Behavior Therapies i Classical Conditioning 1 Systematic Desensitization Current Lecture I Drug Therapies Continued a Antidepressants i Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors SSRI s Prozac Paxil Zoloft 1 Effects serotonin only blocks presynaptic transporter of 5HT reuptake 2 Most commonly prescribed class of antidepressants 3 Good for depression and anxiety 4 Few anticholinergic antihistaminic side effects no sedation or cognitive impairments drowsiness 5 Not fatal in overdose 6 Side Effects anxiety agitation insomnia sexual 7 Long half life don t need to take meds everyday These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute II III 8 Concerns takes several weeks 4 6 to see results keep seeing therapist during this time ii Prozac fluoxetine 1 5HT serotonin syndrome 2 5HT withdrawal 60 of patients experience flulike symptoms sleep problems sensory disturbances anxiety agitation crying want to stop must wean off 3 Sexual dysfunction 80 of patients experience orgasm erection sexual desire arousal dominant reason people stop taking medicine 4 Pregnancy breastfeeding medicine does get to the fetus however not sure if there is any effects 5 Increased risk of suicide in children teens could be genetic combined with neglect from depressed parent suicide is most likely to occur when person starts to feel better teens more impulsive b Lithium used in treatment of bipolar disorder helps to level manic and depressive episodes i Side Effects works for 70 75 toxic at high doses weight gain Other Biomedical Therapies a Electroconvulsive Shock Therapy ECT used to treat severe depression last resort i Treatment occurs in a series once every 2 3 days for two weeks ii Electric current through brain 1 2 seconds to produce a seizure iii Boosts 5HT production iv Temporary memory loss some relapse depression may come back v Before vs After showed emotion eye contact motion vi Given muscle relaxer before prevent breaking bones put to sleep Psychological Therapies a Behavior Therapies apply learning principles to eliminate unwanted behaviors classical operant conditioning does not deal with underlying problem only focuses on behavior i Classical Conditioning anxiety disorders 1 Systematic Desensitization an exposure therapy that associates a relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety triggering stimuli Example Snake Phobia a First relax imagine a snake Second show pictures of snake Third video Fourth toy snake etc Goal be able to handle a snake b Ex video of arachnophobia virtual spider c Ex PTSD patients placed in stimuli with smells sounds virtual images etc re experience through stimulator yet nothing happened

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