GSU POLS 1101 - The Courts (2 pages)

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The Courts

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The Courts


These notes go over the different courts, judicial review, jurisdiction and the appointment process

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
Georgia State University
Pols 1101 - American Government
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POLS 1101 1st Edition Lecture 19 Outline of Last Lecture I Qualifications for the President II Executive Powers III Legislative Powers IV Judicial Powers V Military Powers VI Presidential Staf Outline of Current Lecture I The Courts II Jurisdiction III Appointment Process Current Lecture I The Courts The Judiciary Act of 1789 was in the first session of the First United States Congress and established the U S federal judiciary U S district courts are the lowest level There are 94 district courts The judges are appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate Federal Magistrate judges work at district courts and handle lower level cases U S Court of Appeals is next level up These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Also called Federal Circuit Courts There are 12 of these Supreme Court is the highest only one Judicial Review is not in the Constitution Marbury v Madison 1803 made the Supreme Court a separate branch of government with Congress and the executive Judicial Review is the implied power of the supreme court to have the authority to declare laws of congress and acts of the executive branch unconstitutional II Jurisdiction Original Appellate is an appeals court that is empowered to hear an appeal of a trial court or other lower tribunal Mandatory appellate jurisdictions must hear all properly filed appeals Discretionary appellate jurisdictions can pick and choose III Appointment Process Supreme Court Case Selection Standing legal standing in the context of the federal law Mootness a case is moot if further legal proceedings related to it can have no efect so the matter has been deprived of significance and no longer matters Writ of Certiorari orders a lower court to deliver its record in a case so that the higher court can review it Rule of Four grants four of the nine supreme justices to grant a writ of certiorari Amicus Curie briefs filed in many Supreme Court matters both at the Petition for Writ of Certiorari stage and when the court is deciding a case on its merits

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