UNT SOCI 4250 - Chapter 4 Vocab (2 pages)

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Chapter 4 Vocab



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Chapter 4 Vocab

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Pages:
2
School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Soci 4250 - Gender and Society
Gender and Society Documents

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Chapter 4 How Do We Learn Gender 1 Socialization a fundamental concept for sociologists in general defined as the ways in which we learn to become a member of any group 2 Gender socialization the process through which individuals learn the gender norms of their society come to develop an internal gender identity 3 Gender norms the sets of rules for what is appropriate masculine feminine behavior in a given culture 4 Gender identity the way in which being feminine or masculine a woman or a man becomes an internalized part of the way we think about ourselves 5 Intersexed individuals who for a variety of reasons do not fit into the contemporary AngloEuropean biological sex categories of male female 6 Genital tubercle undifferentiated organ in embryos that will develop into a penis or clitoris 7 Hermaphrodites common term for intersexed individuals comes from the Greek name for a mythical figure formed from the fusion of a man a woman 8 Target of socialization the person being socialized 9 Agents of socialization the people groups institutions who are doing the socializing 10 Social learning theory developed in psychology from the legacy of behaviorism we learn through the selective rewarding withholding of rewards or punishing of behavior 11 Sex typed behaviors a behavior is sex typed when it is more expected therefore seen as appropriate when performed by one sex but less expected therefore seen as inappropriate when performed by the other sex 12 Identification where a child copies whole patterns of behavior without necessarily being trained or rewarded for doing so 13 Cognitive development theory seeks to explain the ways in which children acquire a sense of a gender identity the ability to gender type themselves others 14 Gender stability children know that their gender is permanent that is the gender they will be for the rest of their lives 15 Gender constancy brings an understanding that even changing the outward physical appearance of a person does not change



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