UNT SOCI 4250 - Ch. 3 Vocabulary (2 pages)

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Ch. 3 Vocabulary



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Ch. 3 Vocabulary

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Pages:
2
School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Soci 4250 - Gender and Society
Gender and Society Documents
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Chapter 3 How Do Disciplines Outside of Sociology Study Gender 1 Oedipus complex a young boy s attachment to his mother grows into seeing her as a love object the boy wants to have sex with his mother perceives his father as a threat standing in the way of that goal 2 Castration complex a fear that their own fathers will castrate them if they act on their sexual desire toward their mother 3 Penis envy women eventually come to envy men s possession of a penis like men disdain their mother all other women because of their lack of a penis 4 Electra complex girls eventually women come to see other women as competitors in the ultimate goal of possessing their own penis 5 Superego the part of our personality responsible for both our own morality for lining our morality up with societal standards 6 Phallic symbols any abstract representation of the penis 7 Sex difference research concerned with identifying whether or not a wide range of traits dispositions behaviors differ significantly between men women 8 Meta analysis researchers use the results from many published studies on sex differences in order to obtain an average difference based on a larger more diverse sample size 9 Ethnography involves sustained time spent in the field living among the group you re studying in order to develop an insider s perspective on their culture society 10 Man the Hunter hunters were men 11 Woman the Gatherer gatherers were women 12 Androcentric theories that assumed that what men do is more important than what women do 13 Matrilineal both kinship who s related to who property are passed down based on your mother 14 Patrilineal those that assume descent through the father the male line 15 Meta narrative any attempt at a comprehensive universal explanation of some phenomenon 16 Homosociality the continuum of cooperative relations between people of the same gender it ranges from actual homosexual intimacy to same sex friendships 17 Homophobia the fear or disavowal of homosexuality 18 Natural selection the process outlined by Darwin where adaptations are selected in a population based on the degree to which they help the organism survive reproduce 19 Adaptive problem some environmental pressure put on an organism s biological makeup or behavior due to the need to survive 20 Sexual selection the evolution of characteristics based on reproductive advantage rather than on the ability to survive as an individual organism 21 Monogamous pairs reproduce stay together for extended periods of time 22 Polygynous there is no pairing off males compete to mate with females 23 Paternity uncertainty no way for men to know for sure whether a child was their offspring 24 Biological determinism any theory or ideology that attempts to reduce some type of behavior to unchangeable biological roots 25 Reciprocity hypothesis with many males therefore less paternity certainty males participate more in the care of infants 26 Normative a sense of what should be in addition to a description of how things actually are 27 Development project the division of the world into developing developed countries 28 Modernization theory positing that the postcolonial world could become like the countries of the developed world if they followed our lead economically politically socially 29 Nongovernmental organizations organizations that work on various problems that might sometimes be considered the role of government to solve but that have no government affiliation are privately funded agencies 30 Formal economy the sector of the economy that is regulated by the government or legal systems 31 Informal economy not regulated therefore more difficult to measure 32 Commodity crops agricultural products that can be exported sold on the world market 33 Subsistence agriculture growing crops to directly feed or provide for yourself your family rather than growing crops to sell to someone else in exchange for money you will use to buy food to feed yourself your family 34 Women in development WID taking seriously the importance of gender to the larger development project as well as the ways in which development could have unintended consequences for reducing the human capability of women in the global South 35 Structural adjustment shock treatment World Bank trading leniency on loans while demanding public resources be reduced


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