UNT SOCI 4250 - Ch. 2 Vocabulary (2 pages)

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Ch. 2 Vocabulary



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Ch. 2 Vocabulary

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School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Soci 4250 - Gender and Society
Gender and Society Documents
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Gender Society Vocabulary Chapter 2 What s the Sociology in the Sociology of Gender 1 Confirmation bias our tendency to look for information that confirms our preexisting beliefs while ignoring information that contradicts those beliefs 2 Men as proxy many important sociological studies included only men as research subjects 3 Private sphere women being confined to the home severe academic limitations 4 Privilege set of mostly unearned rewards benefits that come with a given status position in society 5 Social movement abeyance a way to keep the basic ideas of movement alive during a period of decreased activism often due to increased resistance hostility to the movement or to a shift in the opportunities that make movements more or less stressful 6 Social movement cycle a period of increasing frequency intensity in social movement activities that spread throughout various parts of society globally across countries 7 Liberal feminism posits that inequality between men women is rooted in the way existing institutions such as the government treat men women 8 Master frame of equal rights a large social movement that includes the early civil rights movement some versions of the modern women s movement the gay rights movements 9 Master frame a method of interpreting the world that identifies a particular problem suggests a particular cause for that problem proposes a way to resolve the particular problem 10 Radical feminists start with the premise that men women are fundamentally different sex as a class 11 Consciousness raising seeks to help women see the connections between their personal experiences with gender exploitation a larger sense of the politics structure of society 12 Normative a type of ideology that makes suggestions not just about the way things are but the way things should be 13 Private troubles problems that we face that have to do with ourselves our immediate surroundings or our milieux 14 Public issues exist beyond the individual or her own immediate milieu they are located within the larger structures of our societies such as social institutions 15 Fundamental attribution error the tendency to explain behavior by invoking personal dispositions while ignoring the roles of social structure context public issues 16 Sociological imagination using this to investigate gender means performing the detailed archaeology of our own biography learning to identify the larger structural forces at work in our lives surrounding issues of gender 17 Individual approach assumes gender works from the inside out 18 Social role a set of expectations that are attached to a particular status or position in society 19 Sex role set of expectations that are attached to your particular sex category 20 Instrumental goal task oriented 21 Expressive oriented towards interactions with other people 22 Master statuses cut across all other identities situations they are the most important status in dictating how people respond to us 23 Sex categorization the way we use cues of culturally presumed appearance behavior to represent physical sex differences that we generally cannot see 24 Performance expectation a guess about how useful your own contributions will be to accomplishing the goal of the interaction as well as how useful the other people in the group will be 25 Status characteristics kinds of differences that exist between people in society to which a sense of lesser of greater value esteem is given 26 Gender status belief the belief in superiority of men constitutes a specific gender status belief 27 Self fulfilling prophecy a statement that comes true solely as a result of the prediction being made 28 Ethnomethodology the study of folkways 29 Breach a disruption that requires some kind of explanation because it does not fit into the particular cultural story being told 30 Sex assignment putting someone into one or the other sex category usually at birth 31 if can test If it appears that an individual easily can be seen as female then categorize her that way 32 Accounts the descriptions we engage in as social actors to explain to each other the state of affairs or what we think is going on 33 Accountability we gear our actions with attention to our specific circumstances so that others will correctly recognize our actions for what they are 34 Allocation the way decisions get made about who does what who gets what who does not who gets to make plans who gets to give order or take them 35 Social aggregates composed of individuals but they become more than the sum of the individuals within them 36 Gendered organization one in which advantage disadvantage exploitation control action emotion meaning identity are patterned through in terms of a distinction between male female masculine feminine 37 Organizational logic the assumptions practices that underlie an organization 38 Job a set of tasks competencies responsibilities represented as a position on an organizational chart 39 Ego focal person 40 Alters other people in the network 41 Ego network specific relationship between an ego the alters 42 Size number ofothers to whom someone is linked in a network 43 Density measures how interconnected the alters are in an ego network 44 Diversity having contact with people in multiple spheres of activity 45 Homophilous similar nodes are more likely to have a relationship than dissimilar nodes 46 Multiple consciousness a way of thinking that develops from a person s position at the center of intersecting mutually reliant systems of oppression 47 Matrix of domination the social structures of race class gender sexual orientation work with through


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