UNT PSYC 4520 - Ch.6 Notes (5 pages)

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Ch.6 Notes



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Ch.6 Notes

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Pages:
5
School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Psyc 4520 - Personality
Personality Documents

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PSYC 3620 Personality Ch 6 Notes The Neo Freudian Theories Anxiety Coping Strategies o o Freud identified three types o Reality anxiety objective anxiety Response to a perceived threat in the real world You are aware of the source of your emotional reaction o Neurotic anxiety Experienced when unacceptable id impulses are dangerously close to breaking into consciousness Type of anxiety that leads the ego to use defense mechanisms o Moral anxiety Brought about by superego in response to id impulses that violate the superego s strict moral code Generally experienced as guilt Distinction between o Defense mechanisms which are unconscious processes o Coping strategies which are conscious efforts Coping with Anxiety o o Psychologists refer to these efforts to cope with anxiety in the face of a perceived threat as coping strategies o Women report using more coping strategies than men When psychologists refer to a person s general approach to dealing with stress as his or her coping style Types of Coping Strategies o Repression sensitization o A people who typically respond to threatening situations by avoiding them o o o These repressors try not to think about the situations thereby succeed in avoiding the anxiety as much or as long as possible Sensitizers o Z people typically deal with a stressful situation by finding out as much as possible as soon as possible thereby put themselves in a position to take the most effective action Three basic ways to deal with anxiety o Problem focused strategies Intended to take care of the problem thereby overcoming the anxiety o Emotion focused strategies Designed to reduce the emotional distress that accompanies the problem o Avoidance strategies Deals with emotions by pushing the anxiety provoking situation out of awareness Women tend to use emotion focused strategies more than men whereas men are more likely than women to take steps to solve problems directly How Effective are Coping Strategies o o o Active strategies are more



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