UNT PSYC 4520 - Ch. 13 Notes (5 pages)

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Ch. 13 Notes



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Ch. 13 Notes

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Pages:
5
School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Psyc 4520 - Personality
Personality Documents

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PSYC 4520 Personality Ch 13 Notes The Behavioral Social Learning Approach Objectives o o o o o o o Behaviorism Basic Principles of Conditioning Social Learning Theory Social Cognitive Theory Application Conditioning Principles Self Efficacy in Psychotherapy Assessment Behavior Observation Methods Strengths and Criticisms of the Behavioral Social Learning Approach Behaviorism o John B Watson Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It o New movement called behaviorism o If psychology were to be a science psychologists must stop examining mental states only the observable was reasonable subject matter for a science o We should study overt behavior That which can be observed predicted eventually controlled by scientists Ex emotions thoughts expectancies values reasoning insight the unconscious o Ivan Pavlos o Animals could be made to respond to stimuli in their environment by pairing these stimuli with events that already elicited a response Classical conditioning o Other psychologists o Animals were less likely to repeat behaviors that met with negative consequences than were animals given no punishment Operant conditioning o Personality is the end product of our habit systems o B F Skinner o Skipping the party because you felt anxious behavior does not change because you feel anxious decision to skip the party the anxiety are both conditioned reactions to the situation Radical behaviorism o If you rush into a burning building it is not because you are heroic but because you have been conditioned to do so Basic Principles of Conditioning o Conditioning is divided into 2 categories o Classical conditioning Pavlovian o Operant conditioning Instrumental o Classical Conditioning o Classical conditioning 1 Existing stimulus response S R association Ex dogs salivate when they see food o Food stimulus o Salivation response Food is unconditioned stimulus UCS salivation is unconditioned response UCR 2 Pair UCS with new conditioned stimulus CS Ex whenever presenting food to dogs



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