UNT PSCI 3810 - Chapter 2 Vocabulary (2 pages)

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Chapter 2 Vocabulary



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Chapter 2 Vocabulary

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School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Psci 3810 - Intern Relations
Intern Relations Documents
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Chapter 2 Vocabulary Realist Theories 1 Realism 2 Idealism an approach that emphasizes international law morality international organization rather than power alone as key influences on international relations 3 Power the ability or potential to influence others behavior as measured by the possession of certain tangible intangible characteristics 4 Geopolitics the use of geography as an element of power the ideas about it held by political leaders scholars 5 Anarchy in IR theory a term that implies not complete chaos but the lack of a central government that can enforce rules 6 Norms the shared expectations about what behavior is considered proper 7 Sovereignty 8 Security dilemma 9 Balance of power the general concept of one or more states power being used to balance that of another state or group of states the term can refer to 1 any ratio of power capabilities between states or alliances 2 a relatively equal ratio or 3 the process by which counterbalancing coalitions have repeatedly formed to prevent one state from conquering an entire region 10 Great powers generally the half dozen or so most powerful states the great power club was exclusively European until the 20th century 11 Middle powers states that rank somewhat below the great powers in terms of their influence on world affairs ex Brazil India 12 Neorealism a version of realist theory that emphasizes the influence on state behavior of the system s structure especially the international distribution of power 13 Multipolar system an international system with typically five or six centers of power that are not grouped into alliances 14 Power transition theory a theory that the largest wars result from challenges to the top position in the status hierarchy when a rising power is surpassing threatening to surpass the most powerful state 15 Hegemony the holding by one state of a preponderance of power in the international system so that it can single handedly dominate the rules arrangements by which international political economic relations are conducted 16 Hegemonic stability theory the argument that regimes are most effective when power in the international system is most concentrated 17 Alliance cohesion the ease with which the members hold together an alliance it tends to be high when national interests converge when cooperation among allies becomes institutionalized 18 Burden sharing the distribution of the costs of an alliance among members the term also refers to the conflicts that may arise over such distribution 19 North Atlantic Treat Organization NATO a U S led military alliance formed in 1949 with mainly West European 20 Warsaw Pact 21 U S Japanese Security Treaty 22 Nonaligned movement a movement of third world states led by India Yugoslavia that attempted to stand apart from the U S Soviet rivalry during the Cold War 23 Deterrence the threat to punish another actor if it takes a certain negative action especially attacking one s own state or one s allies 24 Compellence the threat of force to make another actor take some action rather than as in deterrence refrain from taking an action 25 Arms race a reciprocal process in which two or more states build up military capabilities in response to each other 26 Rational actors 27 National interest the interests of a state overall as opposed to particular parties or factions within the state 28 Cost benefit analysis a calculation of the costs incurred by a possible action the benefits it is likely to bring 29 Game theory a branch of mathematics concerned with predicting bargaining outcomes games such as prisoner s dilemma Chicken have been used to analyze various sorts of international interactions 30 Zero sum games 31 Prisoner s Dilemma PD a situation modeled by game theory in which rational actors pursuing their individual interest all achieve worse outcomes than they could have by working together


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