UNT PSCI 3810 - Ch.7 Vocabulary (2 pages)

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Ch.7 Vocabulary



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Ch.7 Vocabulary

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Pages:
2
School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Psci 3810 - Intern Relations
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Chapter 7 Vocabulary International Organization Law Human Rights 1 international norms the expectations held by participants about normal relations among states 2 international organizations IOs intergovernmental organizations IGOs such as the UN nongovernmental organizations NGOs such as the International Committee of the Red Cross ICRC 3 UN Charter the founding document of the UN it is based on the principles that states are equal have sovereignty over their own affairs enjoy independence territorial integrity must fulfill international obligations The Charter also lays out the structure methods of the UN 4 UN General Assembly a body composed of representatives of all states that allocates UN funds passes nonbinding resolutions coordinates third world development programs various autonomous agencies through the Economic Social Council ECOSOC 5 UN Security Council a body of five great powers which can veto resolutions ten rotating member states that makes decisions about international peace security including the dispatch of UN peacekeeping forces 6 UN Secretariat 7 peacebuilding the use of military peacekeepers civilian administrators police trainers similar efforts to sustain peace agreements build stable democratic governments in societies recovering from the civil wars since 2005 a UN Peacebuilding Commission has coordinated supported these activities 8 UN Conference on Trade Development UNCTAD a structure established in 1964 to promote third world development through various trade proposals 9 World Health Organization WHO an organization based in Geneva that provides technical assistance to improve health conditions in the third world conducts major immunization campaigns 10 World Court International Court of Justice the judicial arm of the UN located in The Hague it hears only cases between states 11 immigration law national laws that establish the conditions under which foreigners may travel visit within a state s territory work within the state sometimes become citizens of the state naturalization 12 diplomatic immunity a privilege under which diplomats activities fall outside the jurisdiction of the host country s national courts 13 just wars a category in international law political theory that defines when wars can be justly started jus ad bellum how they can be justly fought jus in bello 14 human rights the rights of all people to be free from abuses such as torture or imprisonment for their political 15 Universal Declaration of Human Rights UDHR 1948 the core UN document on human rights although it lacks therefore of international law it sets forth international norms regarding behavior by governments toward their own citizens foreigners alike 16 Amnesty International an influential NGO that operates globally to monitor try to rectify glaring abuses of political not economic or social human rights 17 responsibility to protect R2P principle adopted by world leaders in 2005 holding governments responsible for protecting civilians from genocide crimes against humanity perpetrated within a sovereign state 18 war crimes violations of the law governing the conduct of warfare such as by mistreating POWs or unnecessarily targeting civilians 19 crimes against humanity a category of legal offenses created at the Nuremberg trials after WWII to encompass genocide other acts committed by the political military leaders of The Third Reich Nazi Germany 20 International Criminal Court ICC a permanent tribunal for war crimes crimes against humanity 21 prisoners of war POW soldiers who have surrendered and who thereby receive special status under the laws of war 22 International Committee of the Red Cross ICRC an NGO that provides practical support such as medical care food letters from home to civilians caught in wars to POWs exchanges of POWs are usually negotiated through the ICRC


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