ISU CJS 101 - Reducing Recidivism (3 pages)

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Reducing Recidivism



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CJS 101 1st Edition Lecture 21 Outline of Last Lecture l Corrections ll Jails A History Lll Prisons A minimum B medium C Maximum D Super max Outline of Current Lecture l Deterrence theory ll Factors that effective treatment programs address lll Reducing negative peer associations llll Principles of effective intervention A Effective ineffective programs Current Lecture Reducing recidivism Deterrence theory aware of the sanction perceive it as unpleasant weight the costs and benefits assess the risk and make a rational choice These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Most street level offenders are impulsive disorganized Incapacitation stronger with some type of offenders bank robbers no effect with drug dealers users high cost for low pay off effects are more short term Does punishment reduce recidivism No little evidence that punishment by itself reduces recidivism and often increases it People who appear to be resistant to punishment psychopathic risk takers drug users those with history of being punished Without human intervention or services not likely to have much effect on recidivism from punishment alone Evidence also indicates that while treatment is more effective in reducing recidivism than punishment not all treatment programs are equally effective Behavioral reduces recidivism more than non behavioral treatment Risk refers to risk of re offending Recidivism rates are compared over a standard and specified follow up period Factors that effective treatment programs address 1 Anti Social Pro criminal attitudes beliefs values cognitive emotional states rage anger deviance criminal identity 2 Pro criminal associates What people think not how people think they comprise the content of the thought not the skills of thinking Offenders often try to neutralize their behavior denial of responsibility denial of injury blame the victim Hang out with people who think criminal behavior is okay 3 Anti social personality temperament weak socialization impulsivity adventurous pleasure seeking egocentrism taste for risk 4 Anti social behaviors evident at young age in variety of settings involving a number of different acts 5 Family factors low levels of affection poor parental supervision and discipline practices neglect and abuse 6 Lack of educational vocational financial achievement 7 Lack of pro social leisure activities 8 Alchol and substance abuse Reducing negative peer association restrict associates set and enforce curfews ban hangouts practice new skills teach how to maintain relationships without getting in trouble Principles of effective intervention Risk principle Target high risk offenders WHO provide most intensive treatment to higher risk offenders Need principle target criminogenic risk need factors WHAT Criminogenic anti social attitudes anti social friends substance abuse lack of empathy impulsive behavior Noncrimninogenic anxiety low self esteem creative abilities medical needs physical condioning Treatment principle use behavioral approaches HOW most effective treatment are behavioral focus on current factors that influence behavior action oriented offender behavior is appropriately reinforced Most effective behavioral programs structured social learning where new skills and behaviors are modeled cognitive behavioral approaches that target criminogenic risk factors family based approaches that train family Fidelity principle implement program as designed HOW WELL Effective programs need to tie risk and need together Ineffective programs shaming offenders drug education programs talking cures self help programs medical model


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