IUB PSY-P 324 - Study guide exam 4 (4 pages)

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Study guide exam 4



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Study guide exam 4

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School:
Indiana University, Bloomington
Course:
Psy-P 324 - ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY
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p324 Vlachos Weber Mood Disorders Treatment Schizophrenia Personality Disorders Exam 4 Weds Nov 19 EVERYTHING COVERED IN LECTURE IS FAIR GAME FOR THE EXAM Know this material that appeared only in the book Chapter 13 Schizophrenia p 481 what is Capgras syndrome Cotard s syndrome what is the motivational view of delusions the deficit view of delusions Other more unusual delusions include Capgras syndrome in which the person believes someone he or she knows has been replaced by a double and Cotard s syndrome in which the person believes he is dead A motivational view of delusions would look at these beliefs as attempts to deal with and relieve anxiety and stress In contrast a deficit view of delusion sees these beliefs as resulting from brain dysfunction that creates these disordered cognitions or perceptions p 482 what part of the brain is most active during hallucinations What is this part of the brain involved in what is the metacognition theory of hallucinations they found that the part of the brain most active during hallucinations was Broca s area This is surprising because Broca s area is known to be involved in speech production rather than language comprehension support the metacognition theory that people who are hallucinating are not hearing the voices of others but are listening to their own thoughts or their own voices and cannot recognize the difference p 486 know these 3 subtypes paranoid disorganized and catatonic which symptoms are associated with each subtype Three divisions have historically been identified paranoid delusions of grandeur or persecution disorganized or hebephrenic silly and immature emotionality and catatonic alternate immobility and excited agitation p 478 what is schizoaffective disorder schizoaffective disorder which includes people who have symptoms of schizophrenia and who exhibit the characteristics of mood disorders such as depression and bipolar affective disorder p 487 What are erotomanic somatic delusions What is folie a deux An erotomanic type of delusion is the irrational belief that one is loved by another person usually of higher status somatic delusions the person feels afflicted by a physical defect or general medical condition Previous versions of the DSM included a separate delusional disorder shared psychotic disorder folie deux the condition in which an individual develops delusions simply as a result of a close relationship with a delusional individual p 490 children who go on to develop schizophrenia display what clinical features Children who go on to develop schizophrenia show early clinical features such as mild physical abnormalities poor motor coordination and mild cognitive and social problems Schiffman et al 2004 Welham et al 2008 Unfortunately these types of early problems are not specific enough to schizophrenia meaning they could also be signs of other problems such as the neurodevelopmental disorders we review in Chapter 14 to be able to say for sure that a particular child will later develop schizophrenia p 490 what is a prodromal stage and when does it occur in schizophrenia Up to 85 of people who later develop schizophrenia go through a prodromal stage a 1 to 2year period before the serious symptoms occur but when less severe yet unusual behaviors start to show themselves p 491 what were Kallman s findings regarding the severity of parent s schizophrenia children s development of schizophrenia Kallmann showed that the severity of the parent s disorder influenced the likelihood of the child s having schizophrenia The more severe the parent s schizophrenia the more likely the children were to develop it p 493 What does twin research show about being a carrier for schizophrenia What is the chance of inheritance if you have one parent with schizophrenia On the other hand look at the risks for the child of a fraternal dizygotic twin If your parent is the twin with schizophrenia you have about a 17 chance of having schizophrenia yourself If your parent does not have schizophrenia but your parent s fraternal twin does your risk is only about 2 The only way to explain this finding is through genetics The data clearly indicate that you can have genes that predispose you to schizophrenia not show the disorder yourself but still pass on the genes to your children In other words you can be a carrier for schizophrenia This is some of the strongest evidence yet that people are genetically vulnerable to schizophrenia Remember however there is only a 17 chance of inheritance if your parent has schizophrenia meaning that other factors help determine who will have this disorder p 496 which gender is most likely to have enlarged ventricles Enlargement is related to what factors Exposure to what may result in enlarged ventricles or example enlarged ventricles are observed more often in men than in women Goldstein Lewine 2000 Also ventricles seem to enlarge in proportion to age and to the duration of the schizophrenia One study found that individuals with schizophrenia who were exposed to influenza prenatally may be more likely to have enlarged ventricles Chapter 12 Personality Disorders p 446 what 2 controversial personality disorders are now under study but not in the DSM V This gender difference in diagnosis has also been criticized by other authors see for example Kaplan 1983 on the grounds that histrionic personality disorder like several of the other personality disorders is biased against females As Kaplan 1983 points out many of the features of histrionic personality disorder such as overdramatization vanity seductiveness and overconcern with physical appearance are characteristic of the Western stereotypical female This disorder may simply be the embodiment of extremely feminine traits Chodoff 1982 branding such an individual mentally ill according to Kaplan reflects society s inherent bias against females See Table 12 3 for a humorous take on a male version of a personality disorder Interestingly the macho personality Mosher Sirkin 1984 in which the individual possesses stereotypically masculine traits is nowhere to be found in the DSM p 447 know the main beliefs associated with each of the 10 personality disorders p 454 know the 6 criteria that Hare identifies in his Psychopathy checklist Six of the criteria that Hare includes in his Revised Psychopathy Checklist PCL R are as follows 1 2 3 4 5 6 Glibness superficial charm Grandiose sense of self worth Pathological lying Conning manipulative Lack of remorse or guilt


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