ISU PSY 110 - Therapies (3 pages)

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Therapies



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PSY 110 1st Edition Lecture 21 Outline of Last Lecture I Behavior Therapies II Cognitive Behavior Therapies Outline of Current Lecture I Insight Therapies II Relationship Therapies III Biomedical Therapies Current Lecture Insight Therapies Insight Therapies Approaches based on the notion that psychological well being depends on selfunderstanding Psychodynamic Therapy Attempts to uncover repressed childhood experiences Sometimes what patients do not say is as important as what they do say resistance Psychoanalysis o Free Association Explores the unconscious and the patient reveals whatever thoughts feelings or images come to mind o Dream Analysis Areas of emotional concern repressed in waking life are sometimes expressed in symbolic form in dreams o Transference Emotional reaction that occurs during psychoanalysis patient displays feelings and attitudes toward the analyst present in another significant relationship Humanistic Therapy Therapists assume that people have the ability and freedom to lead rational lives and make rational choices Word client is used instead of patient Person Centered Therapy Disorder results when the natural tendency toward self actualization is blocked Therapist attempts to create an accepting climate based on unconditional positive regard Non directive Therapy Therapist allows the direction of therapy sessions to be controlled by the client These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Goal is to allow client to direct the therapy session and move toward self actualization realization of inner potential Gestalt Therapy Directive therapy that seeks to Fully experience and own feelings thoughts and actions in the present moment Help clients achieve a more integrated self Allow clients to become more authentic and self accepting Therapist actively directs therapy session Provides answers and suggestions to the client Getting in touch with your feelings is a major objective Empty Chair Technique is a major technique used Relationship Therapies Relationship Therapies Look not only at the individual s internal struggles but also at his or her interpersonal relationships Family Therapy Parents and children enter therapy as a group Goal is to help family members o Heal wounds to the family o Improve communication o Create more understanding within the family Couple Therapy Goal is to help partners in an intimate relationship Communication Manage conflicts more effectively May focus on behavioral changes or partners emotional responses to each other Group Therapy Seven to ten clients meet regularly with one or more therapists to resolve personal problems Provides client with a sense of belonging and the opportunity to o Express feelings o Get feedback from other group members o Give and receive emotional support Self Help Groups o Usually not led by professional therapists o Groups of people who share a common problem and meet to give and receive support o Alcoholics Anonymous one of the oldest and best known groups Biomedical Therapies Drug Therapies Most frequently used biomedical treatment breakthroughs in drug therapies have been credited with the reduction in the amount of time a patient is hospitalized Electroconvulsive Therapy ECT Electric current is administered to the right cerebral hemisphere unilateral ECT Patient is under anesthesia Usually reserved for severely depressed patients who are suicidal ECT was misused and overused in the 1940 s and 1950 s leaving it with a bad reputation Highly effective treatment for major depression Possibly works by changing biochemical balance in the brain Evaluating Therapies Eysenck showed a slight advantage for behavior therapies over other types Socioeconomic status and other variable interact with clients problems No one type of psychotherapy is more effective than another but any psychotherapy is better than no treatment Most important determinant of effectiveness o Appropriateness for a given client s problems o Circumstances of the client s life o A strong therapist client relationship has been linked to better psychotherapy outcomes According to a Consumer Reports survey o Clients believe they benefit from psychotherapy o Clients are equally satisfied with therapy provided by psychologists psychiatrists and social workers o The longer clients stayed in therapy the more they improved o Clients believed that antidepressant and anti anxiety drugs helped them o Psychotherapy alone worked as well as psychotherapy with drugs Disadvantages of Drug Therapies Difficulty in establishing the proper dosages Drugs do not cure psychological disorders Drug therapy often prevents people with psychological disorders from being advised of other forms of therapy that may reduce or eliminate the need for psychiatric drugs


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