ISU PSY 110 - Therapies (3 pages)

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Therapies



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PSY 110 1st Edition Lecture 20 Outline of Last Lecture I Defining Psychological Disorders II Anxiety Disorders III Mood Disorders IV Schizophrenia V Somatic Dissociative Sexual and Personality Disorders Outline of Current Lecture I Behavior Therapies II Cognitive Behavior Therapies Current Lecture Behavior Therapies Behavior Therapies A treatment approach consistent with the learning perspective on psychological disorders Abnormal behavior is learned The behavior itself as the disorder Use learning principles to eliminate inappropriate or maladaptive behaviors The goal is to change the troublesome behavior Techniques based on operant conditioning o Seek to control consequences of behavior o Extinction of undesirable behavior by terminating or withholding reinforcement maintaining the behavior o Time Out A behavior modification technique used to eliminate undesirable behavior especially in children and adolescents by withdrawing all reinforcers for a period of time o Institutional settings are well suited for behavior modification Consequences of behavior can be controlled Token Economy Rewards appropriate behavior with poker chips play money points etc Systematic Desensitization Based on classical conditioning it is used to treat fears Client is trained in deep muscle relaxation Confront hierarchy of fears These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Highly successful treatment for eliminating fears and phobias in a relatively short time Flooding Behavior therapy based on classical conditioning Used to treat phobias by exposing clients to the feared object or event for an extended period until their anxiety decreases Exposure and Response Prevention Two components Exposure Exposing clients to objects or situations that trigger obsessions and compulsive rituals Response Prevention The client agrees to resist performing compulsive rituals for longer and longer periods of time Successful with OCD Treatment can bring about considerable improvement in 60 70 of patients Aversion Therapy Aversive stimulus paired with harmful or socially undesirable behavior Behavior becomes associated with pain or discomfort Controversial brings intentional discomfort EX using bitter nail polish to stop biting nails Participant Modeling Model demonstrates appropriate responses to a feared stimulus in graduated steps and the client imitates the model with the encouragement of a therapist Based on Albert Bandura s principles of observational learning Most specific phobias can be extinguished in 3 to 4 hours Cognitive Behavior Therapies Cognitive Behavior Therapies CBT Assume that maladaptive behavior results from irrational thoughts beliefs and ideas Therapist tries to change these Approach is effective for treating a wide variety of problems EX anxiety disorders psychological drug dependence and mood disorders Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy REBT Goal is to challenge and modify a client s irrational beliefs about the self and others Albert Ellis Developed the technique as a way of addressing his own problems with incapacitating anxiety ABC Theory o A Activating event o B Belief about the event o C emotional Consequence that follows Directive form of therapy Individuals receiving REBT do better than those receiving no treatment or placebo Cognitive Therapy Focuses on Beck s idea of how you think about yourself the world experiences and the future Helps clients stop negative thoughts as they occur and replace them with more objective thoughts Therapist often includes homework assignments Therapy is brief o Ten to twenty sessions o Effective with mild to moderate depression and panic disorder Automatic Thoughts Unreasonable but unquestioned ideas that rule the person s life Goal of therapy is to help clients overcome the impact of cognitive errors or cognitive distortions


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