ISU PSY 110 - Therapies (3 pages)

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Lecture number:
Lecture Note
Illinois State University
Psy 110 - Fundamentals of Psychology

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PSY 110 1st Edition Lecture 20 Outline of Last Lecture I Defining Psychological Disorders II Anxiety Disorders III Mood Disorders IV Schizophrenia V Somatic Dissociative Sexual and Personality Disorders Outline of Current Lecture I Behavior Therapies II Cognitive Behavior Therapies Current Lecture Behavior Therapies Behavior Therapies A treatment approach consistent with the learning perspective on psychological disorders Abnormal behavior is learned The behavior itself as the disorder Use learning principles to eliminate inappropriate or maladaptive behaviors The goal is to change the troublesome behavior Techniques based on operant conditioning o Seek to control consequences of behavior o Extinction of undesirable behavior by terminating or withholding reinforcement maintaining the behavior o Time Out A behavior modification technique used to eliminate undesirable behavior especially in children and adolescents by withdrawing all reinforcers for a period of time o Institutional settings are well suited for behavior modification Consequences of behavior can be controlled Token Economy Rewards appropriate behavior with poker chips play money points etc Systematic Desensitization Based on classical conditioning it is used to treat fears Client is trained in deep muscle relaxation Confront hierarchy of fears These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Highly successful treatment for eliminating fears and phobias in a relatively short time Flooding Behavior therapy based on classical conditioning Used to treat phobias by exposing clients to the feared object or event for an extended period until their anxiety decreases Exposure and Response Prevention Two components Exposure Exposing clients to objects or situations that trigger obsessions and compulsive rituals Response Prevention The client agrees to resist performing compulsive rituals for longer and longer

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