Mizzou PSYCH 2410 - Gender Development (2 pages)

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Gender Development

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Gender Development


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Lecture number:
Lecture Note
University of Missouri
Psych 2410 - Developmental Psychology

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PSYCH 2410 1st Edition Lecture 19 Outline of Gender Development I Social Learning Theories II Social Cognitive Theories III Evolutionary Theories Outline of The Family I Functions of the Family II Parenting III The Changing Family The Family I Functions of the Family Reasons for families survival of offspring economic training cultural training Parental Socialization process by which children acquire values standards skills knowledge and behaviors appropriate to their future role in their culture o Examples direct instructors indirect socializers social managers II Parenting Behavioral Genetics twin studies show that genes are important but they don t account for all of the variance What parenting practices matter o Warmth support encouragement acceptance o Structure conveys standards of behavior limits exposure to risky situations generates parental knowledge requires self control o Intrusiveness undermines sense of autonomy interferes with self worth conveys rejection Baumrind s research on 3 and 4 year olds was based on interviews with parents and home lab observations of parent child interactions Parenting Styles o Authoritative high warmth high structure low intrusiveness o Authoritarian low warmth high structure high intrusiveness o Permissive high warmth low structure low intrusiveness o Rejecting neglecting low warmth low structure low high intrusiveness Psychological Intrusiveness has universal negative effects III The Changing Family Traditional Family structure is changing o Older parents more economically stable planned pregnancies knowledge about parenting Divorce 1 million children experience divorce a year half acquire stepparent in 4 years o Potential effects Greater risk for problems greater risk for divorce themselves slightly greater risk for emotional disorders o What influences impact of divorce Parental conflict stress age of child older act out more younger more afraid of abandonment contact with noncustodial father o Not all instances have

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