UNT CJUS 3310 - Chapter 1 Summary (2 pages)

Previewing page 1 of 2 page document View the full content.
View Full Document

Chapter 1 Summary



Previewing page 1 of actual document.

View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

Chapter 1 Summary

359 views


Pages:
2
School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Cjus 3310 - Org/consensual Crime
Org/consensual Crime Documents
Unformatted text preview:

Chapter 1 Summary Understand the difficulty in defining organized crime ad know its attributes o There is no generally accepted definition of organized crime o Organized crime has eight attributes Has no political goals Is hierarchical Has a limited or exclusive membership Constitutes a unique subculture Perpetuates itself Exhibits a willingness to use illegal violence Is monopolistic Is governed by explicit rules and regulations Know the salient features of a bureaucracy o Bureaucracy is essential for efficiently carrying out large scale tasks o Bureaucratic organizations exhibit a complicated hierarchy and an extensive division of labor assign positions on the basis of skill carry out responsibilities in an impersonal manner and have extensive written rules and regulations and communicate via a chain of command o Whenever an entity club business or criminal organization continues to expand at some point it will have to adopt the bureaucratic style of organization o Many aspects of bureaucracy are impractical for criminal organizations because they must be concerned with the very real possibility that communications are being monitored o In the compartmentalized form of bureaucracy persons at the operational street level are organized into cells and know only other members of their cell o A criminal organization can manifest a bureaucratic structure while economic activities are divorced from the formal structure Be familiar with the concepts of franchising credentialing points of convergence and the role of a broker o Franchises provide a sense of entitlement enabling the possessor to engage in criminal activity with the knowledge that he or she will be supported and protected by the criminal organization granting the franchise o A network consists of a collection of connected points or junctures a criminal network typically functions within a subcultural environment an underworld o A criminal network has points of convergence where participants congregate o Credentialing enables criminals to negotiate transactions that those without an organizational affiliation would find difficult if not impossible to accomplish o With proper credentials a criminal entrepreneur can profit by acting as a broker that is a person who connects otherwise disconnected parts of a network Understand transnational organized crime o Traditional Mafia type organizations are linked by territory and exercise control over the entities in their territories by means of intimidation o The collapse of the Soviet Union and the expansion of global trade provided opportunity for criminal organizations capable of operating across national boundaries o This has spurred the growth of alliances with criminal grops operating acorss national boundaries o Global organized crime is similar to a transnational commercial company o Migration broadens the reach of existing criminal networks Know the similarities and differences between organized crime and terrorism and the connection between organized crime and terrorism o Terrorism is inherently political o Terrorists often choose their targets at random o Organized crime does not seek the overthrow of governments o Organized crime and terrorist organizations share the same geography Membership can overlap and have similar needs for weapons and money laundering services o Both organized crime and terrorists may use compartmentalization


View Full Document

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Chapter 1 Summary and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Chapter 1 Summary and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?