UNT CJUS 3310 - Ch. 1 Review Questions (2 pages)

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Ch. 1 Review Questions



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Ch. 1 Review Questions

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2
School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Cjus 3310 - Org/consensual Crime
Org/consensual Crime Documents
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Introduction to Organized Crime Review Questions 1 There is no generally accepted definition of organized crime 2 The eight attributes of organized crime are a Absence of political goals b Hierarchical c Limited or exclusive membership d Constitutes a unique subculture e Perpetuates itself f Exhibits a willingness to use violence g Monopolistic h Governed by rules regulations 3 There are six characteristics of a bureaucratic organization a Complicated hierarchy b Extensive division of labor c Positions assigned on the basis of competence d Responsibilities carried out in an impersonal manner e Extensive written rules regulations f Communication from the top of the hierarchy to persons on the bottom via a chain of command 4 When a business expands a formal hierarchy becomes necessary as do skilled persons a division of labor there will be written rules regulations of dealing with such matters as work hours sick leave vacation time manner of dress directives will be transmitted via the hierarchy 5 The impractical aspects of bureaucracy are a The use of the telephone must be limited b Written communication is to be avoided 6 Advantages of compartmentalization are a Operational street level personnel are organized into cells know only other members of their cell b They may not know for whom they are working c If a cell is lost the result of law enforcement infiltration for example the organization can continue to function uninterrupted the cell is eventually replaced d Cells are bundled under the direction of a controller who is not in direct contact with may not even know the other controllers e A controller who is lost is quickly replaced by the central command operating out of an area of relative safety such as another country 7 Criminal organizations can manifest bureaucratic structure through ranks levels of authority 8 The concept of franchising is applicable to organized crime because the franchise provides a sense of entitlement enabling the possessor to engage in criminal activity with the knowledge that he or she will be supported protected by the criminal organization granting the franchise 9 A network consists of a collection of connected points points of convergence a criminal network has points of convergence where participants congregate hangouts 10 Credentials aids members of a criminal organization because it enables criminals to negotiate transactions that those without an organizational affiliation would find difficult if not impossible to accomplish 11 A credentialed criminal can act as a broker by providing an umbrella of protection being able to act as a guarantor for a transaction constructs a social bridge 12 Traditional Mafia type organizations differ from global criminal organizations in the following ways a Mafia type organizations are linked by territory exercise control over the entities in their territories by means of intimidation b Transnational crime organizations exist for the purpose of power influence monetary or commercial gains through a transnational organizational structure pattern of corruption and or violence c TOC exploits differences between countries d TOC attempts to gain influence in government politics commerce e TOC attempts to insulate their leadership membership from detection sanction prosecution through their organizational structure i Intensification of goods drugs arms sex workers 13 The collapse of the S Union led to the expansion of global organized crime a Rapid expansion of global markets b Decline in political order deteriorating economic circumstances led to growing underground economy that habituates people to working outside the legal framework c Better organized int l based criminal groups with vast financial resources new threat to stability security of int l systems i Ex Prohibition was catalyst for mobilization of criminal organizations cooperative ventures of syndication 14 OC is similar to a transnational commercial company because of the rigid hierarchies territorial rooting with flexible structures that are easily adaptable to changing circumstances 15 Migration has impacted OC in the following ways a Broadens the reach of existing criminal networks b Migrants themselves can be affiliates of criminal networks i Chinese Nigerian Italian Russian groups c Globalization creates nexus d Fluidity in today s OC groups i New alliances with other networks ii Engaging in wide range of illicit activities 1 Cyber crime 2 Support for terrorism 16 Terrorism differs from OC because while OC feeds of the preservation of state structures terrorism seeks to destroy them terrorism is inherently political targets are chosen at random a Non combatant deaths b Intimidate audience to induce widespread panic 17 Terrorism is similar to OC because they share the same geography membership can overlap have similar needs for weapons money laundering services a Both may use compartmentalization 18 A hybrid organization is when terrorism can turn into OC a A terrorist group may abandon its political goals or the use of violence to achieve those goals b Individual skills developed as terrorists the advantages of organization are mobilized in the pursuit of pecuniary interests


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