SC PSYC 101 - Therapy (3 pages)

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Therapy



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Therapy

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An introduction to therapy; describes two forms of biomedical therapy - drug therapy: antipsychotics and anti anxiety


Lecture number:
32
Pages:
3
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University Of South Carolina-Columbia
Course:
Psyc 101 - Intro to Psychology
Edition:
1
Documents in this Packet
Unformatted text preview:

PSYC 101 1st Edition Lecture 32 Outline of Last Lecture II Mood Disorders A Emotional Extremes a Depression b Manic Episode c Bipolar Disorder III Causes of Mood Disorders a Biological Influences b Social Cognitive Perspective IV Personality Disorders V Clinical Diagnostic Tools a Interview b History c Direct Observation d IQ Tests e Personality Tests f Projective Tests g Brain Imaging h DSM IV Outline of Current Lecture VI Therapy a Biomedical Therapies b Psychological Therapies VII Biomedical Therapies a Drug Therapies i Antipsychotics 1 Traditional Typical 2 Atypical ii Antianxiety Drugs Current Lecture Therapy Review of Clinical Diagnostic Tools Never rely on one tool or one observation Use a thorough combination These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute I II Therapy a Biomedical Therapies b Psychological Therapies Biomedical Therapies a Drug Therapies i Antipsychotics used to treat psychotic disorders through blockade of dopamine ex used for schizophrenia 1 Traditional Typical only relieved positive symptoms through specific blockade of dopamine 2 D2 five different types of dopamine receptors antagonists specifically block D2 but also impacts other areas of the brain a Side Effects dizziness nausea blurred vision sexual impotence Parkinson s symptoms motor coordination tardive dyskinesia neck and head muscles If side effects are bad people stop taking their meds b See motor side effects at about 70 receptors occupancy must find sweet spot may not ever be one ex chlorpromazine Thorazine haloperidol Haldol drugs are very individualized 2 Atypical Antipsychotics reduce both positive and negative symptoms without motor side effects expensive a Different because not as specific as the antagonists impacts 5HT2 serotonin b Ex Clozapine Clozaril specific D4 receptors peaks in blood 1 4 hours half life 9 30 hours can cause agranulocytosis decreases white blood cell count olanzapine Zyprexa Aripiprazole Abilify DA partial agonist c Side Effects sedation weight gain constipation warnings 9 14 increase in risk of developing Type II diabetes elongation of QT interval heart ii Antianxiety Drugs reduce anxiety most helpful for generalized anxiety disorder not useful for phobias too specific a Ex Benzodiazepines Valium Xanax Ativan b Side Effect Lightheadedness slurred speech drowsiness physical dependence Dangerous with alcohol


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