ISU CJS 101 - Corrections (2 pages)

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Corrections



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CJS 101 1st Edition Lecture 20 Outline of Last Lecture Purposes of punishment A Retribution B Deterrence C Rehab D Incapacitation Outline of Current Lecture l Corrections ll Jails A History Lll Prisons A minimum B medium C Maximum D Super max Current Lecture Corrections Corrections refers to the great number of programs services facilities and organizations responsible for the management of people accused or convicted of criminal offences Jail function pretrial detention incarceration of those sentenced to misdemeanors 6 10 people waiting trial These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Jail management operated by county in 44 stares 91 102 counties in Illinois have jails the others share regional facilities or contract out with nearby counties 20 of U S jails are city managed 7 federal detention centers Regional jails serve more than 1 county Generations of jails First generation linear second generation indirect supervision third generation pods direct supervision History of prisons punishment for crimes prior to the 1600 s physical punishment banishment death 1600 s shift from corporal punishment to the use of incarceration Penitentiary an institution intended to punish criminal by isolating them from society and from one another so they can reflect their past deeds created in New York and Pennsilvania Reform in the U S emphasis shifted from the assumption that deviance was part of human nature to a belief that crime resulted from environmental forces Penitentiary would not simply punish but move the criminal toward spiritual reflection and change Separate but silent didn t work The auburn system new york congregate system Congregate system individual cells striped suits work and eat together complete silence rulebreaking me with whippings beating Minimum security prison permit inmates and visitors as much freedom as is consistent with the concept of incarceration emphasis on education and work related training programs dormitory style housing no armed guards or walls houses least violent offenders often farms or ranches holds 16 of state inmates Medium security prison operated to prevent escape restrictions on inmates and visitors are less rigid than in minimum security prisons guard towers and walls more freedom more privledges perimeter fencing Maximum security prison imposes strict limitations on movement freedom and visitors dress codes cells blocks wings everything based on security 1 4 th of all inmates Super max security prison created to house the worst of the worst violent assaultive prison gang members who require close and consistent supervision house 100 000 men created by federal govt 38 states


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