Mizzou PSYCH 2510 - Exam 3 Study Guide (16 pages)

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Exam 3 Study Guide

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Exam 3 Study Guide


Chapters 10 12 and 13

Study Guide
University of Missouri
Psych 2510 - Survey of Abnormal Psychology
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Psych 2510 1nd Edition Exam 3 Study Guide Lectures 14 18 Test 3 Chapters 10 12 and 13 Lecture 14 October 28 Chapter 10 Personality Disorders What is the difference between Personality Traits vs Personality Disorder Common personality traits are N E O A C whereas personality disorders involve dysfunctional and inflexible personality traits that deviate significantly from cultural expectations and are shown across many situations What Patterns must be present in at least 2 areas for a personality disorder 1 2 3 4 Cognition Emotions Relationships Impulse Control Do personality disorders occur comorbid They are often comorbid with other psychological disorders There are more sever symptoms and poorer outcome when comorbid The high comorbidity with other psychological disorders makes for a worse prognosis Why are Personality Disorders important Because they are associated with significant impairment such as relationship problems job problems substance problems suicidality violent death How Prevalent are personality disorders 36 of patients have them and 8 10 of the community has them Rates higher in inpatient clinics 36 How are Personality Disorders organized The DSM IV TR organizes personality disorders into three main clusters based on similarity of traits 1 Odd or eccentric 2 Dramatic erratic or emotional 3 Anxious or fearful What is the Dimensional Approach A Five Factor Model N E O A C These letters stand for Neuroticism not anxious or obseesive Extraversion introversion Openness to experience closed Agreeableness antagonism and Consciousness ignorance The personality traits form a continuum The Dimensional approach involves rating each individual on the five factors and avoids applying a categorical label How do you describe Odd or Eccentric Personality Disorders Odd or eccentric personality disorders include paranoid schizoid and schizotypal personality disorders What is Paranoid personality disorder Paranoid personality disorder involves general distrust and suspiciousness of others one expects to be mistreated exploited vigilant for hints of abuse blames others when things go wrongs questions loyalty There are NO hallucinations or full blown delusions Who is more likely to have paranoid personality disorder More common in men than women and the comorbidity is high for people who also have Schizotypal borderline and avoidant personality disorders What is Schizoid personality disorder Schizoid personality disorder involves social isolation and restricted emotional experience and expression few close friends aloof and distant loner likes solitary activities little interest in sex experiences anhedonia lack of pleasure Who is more likely to have Schizoid personality disorder The comorbidity is high for people with schizotypal avoidant and paranoid personality disorder What is Schizotypal personality disorder Schizotypal personality disorder involves social anxiety paranoid fears and eccentric behavior perceptions and thoughts interpersonal difficulties similar to schizoid odd beliefs or magical thinking superstitious telepathic One had illusions but NOT hallucinations and feels the presence of a force or person not actually present They also have odd eccentric behavior or appearance wear strange clothes talks to self This can lead to schizophrenia What is the epidemiology of Odd or Eccentric Personality Disorders Personality disorders are prevalent throughout the general population but odd or eccentric personality disorders are more common in clinical samples 2 1 of general population has an odd or eccentric personality disorder Odd or eccentric personality disorders are comorbid with other mental disorders such as anxiety and mood disorders but are not highly linked to gender race or ethnicity How would you describe Dramatic Personality Disorders Dramatic erratic or emotional personality disorders include antisocial borderline histrionic and narcissistic personality disorders What is Antisocial personality disorder Antisocial personality disorder involves an extreme disregard for and violation of the rights of others pervasive disregard for the rights of others since age 15 lies aggressive impulsive breaks laws irresponsible lacks remorse conduct disorder before age 15 truancy running away lying theft arson destruction of property What is Psychopathy related to antisocial personality disorder but predates DSM category Psychopathy involves problematic interpersonal styles such as arrogance lack of empathy impulsivity and manipulativeness The guiding principle is to have control over others One feels no anxiety for potential consequences of behavior What is Borderline personality disorder Borderline personality disorder involves impulsivity unstable affect and interpersonal relationships and suicidality One is Unstable stormy intense relationships They experience Splitting which is idealization then denunciation so see people as either all good or all bad May love person one day and hate them the next They experience emotional reactivity frantic efforts to avoid abandonment unstable sense of self anger control problems recurrent suicidal gestures The onset is during adolescence or early adulthood The prognosis is poor within 10 years of diagnosis but later in life most no longer meet diagnostic criteria The Suicide rates are high as well as self mutilation Who is most likely to have BPD The comorbidity is high with PTSD MDD substance related and eating disorders What is Histrionic personality disorder Histrionic personality disorder involves an excessive overly dramatic need for attention superficial and fleeting emotions and impulsivity emotionally shallow despite strong displays of emotion overly concerned with physical attractiveness may be sexually provocative and seductive What is Narcissistic personality disorder Narcissistic personality disorder involves grandiosity need for admiration and lack of empathy for others self centered demand constant attention and adulation envious of others arrogant little concern for needs and well being of others sensitive to criticism seeks out high status partners What is the Epidemiology of Dramatic Personality Disorders The most common dramatic personality disorders are antisocial and borderline personality disorders but all disorders of this group involve substantial distress and or impairment 5 5 of general population has one Antisocial and narcissistic are more common among men whereas histrionic are more common among women There are

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