UNT RTVF 1310 - Chapter 10A - Outline 2014 (18 pages)

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Chapter 10A - Outline 2014



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Chapter 10A - Outline 2014

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Pages:
18
School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Rtvf 1310 - Persp on Brdcst Tech

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History How did government get involved in regulation Wireless Ship Act 1910 Large at sea vessels must be equipped with wireless sets Radio Act of 1912 Post Titanic regulation said radio operators had to get license from Secretary of Commerce and assigned frequencies and hours of operation to prevent interference at sea 1920s Spectrum interference change was needed Justification Scarcity Theory Original justification electromagnetic spectrum is limited and a national resource government reserves the right to impose obligations regulations on those allowed to broadcast traditional rationale Pervasive Presence Theory Later used in Carlin case TV and radio so pervasive and potentially intrusive that the public is entitled to some protection from unwanted or offensive messages recent rationale History 1927 Radio Act Principles of scarcity theory Spectrum is publicly owned not private Stations to operate in the public interest Government censorship is prohibited Federal Radio Commission FRC created to grant licenses make rules subject to judicial review FRC eliminates interference problem strengthens idea of the public interest History Communications Act of 1934 Expanded FRC from 5 to 7 members Renamed Federal Communications Commission Expands jurisdiction to include wireless and telephone Bulk of 1927 legislation included and strengthened in Title III of the Communications Act Found as part of Title 47 of the U S Code of Federal Regulations History Important sections of the CA of 1934 Section 301 Spectrum users must be licensed Section 312 Federal candidates must have access to facilities Section 315 Equal Time section is important Section 326 FCC prohibited from censoring radio TV content Remains flexible and influential basis of broadcasting law History Most notable revisions to the CA of 1934 Public Broadcasting Act of 1967 Cable TV Act of 1984 1992 Telecommunications Act of 1996 History Cable Regulation the FCC 1950s FCC does not initially regulate 1960s pressure



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