SC PSYC 101 - Psychological Disorder (3 pages)

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Psychological Disorder

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Psychological Disorder


Introduction to psychological disorders including a description of anxiety disorders and schizophrenia

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
University Of South Carolina-Columbia
Psyc 101 - Intro to Psychology
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PSYC 101 1st Edition Lecture 30 Outline of Last Lecture II Personality Addendum III Social Cognitive Perspective a Learned Helplessness Seligman Maier b Learned Helplessness c Self Efficacy Bandura d Reciprocal Determinism Outline of Current Lecture Psychological Disorders IV Mental Disorder A DSM IV V Anxiety Disorders a Generalized Anxiety Disorders b Panic Disorder c Phobias d Obsessive Compulsive Disorder VI How Do Anxiety Disorders Develop a Learning Perspective b Biological Perspective VII Schizophrenia VIII Causes of Schizophrenia a Brain Abnormalities b Genetics c Psychological Factors Current Lecture Psychological Disorders Psychological Disorders A B C D E F G Alcohol Addiction Depression Mental Retardation Alzheimer s Disorder Schizophrenia Erectile Dysfunction Insomnia These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute I II III IV V H Anorexia Nervosa I Tourette s J Phobias K Kleptomania L Conversion Disorder What is a mental disorder a DSM IV Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4 th Edition i Clinically significant dysfunction ii Internal source iii Involuntary manifestation Anxiety Disorders distressing persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety a Generalized Anxiety Disorder continually tense and uneasy for no apparent reason b Panic Disorder sudden intense dread Tony Soprano c Phobias irrational avoidance of a specific object or situation snakes heights crowds d Obsessive Compulsive Disorder unwanted repetitive thoughts obsessions and or actions compulsions i Compulsions reduce anxiety caused by obsessions How Do Anxiety Disorders Develop a Learning Perspective i Fear Conditioning ii Stimulus Generalization iii Reinforcement iv Observational Learning b Biological Perspective i Evolution we are scared of what our ancestors were scared of ii Genes iii Physiology unusually high frontal lobe activity Schizophrenia disorganized and delusional thinking disturbed perceptions and inappropriate emotions and actions a Positive Symptoms hallucinations delusions bizarre behavior incoherence disassociated thoughts illogically b Negative Symptoms toneless voice expressionless face rigid posture blunted affect apathy social withdrawal Causes of Schizophrenia a Brain Abnormalities i Dopamine over activity ii Brain anatomy 1 Low frontal lobe activity thalamus shrunken brain tissue iii Maternal virus during pregnancy b Genetics identical twins have a 50 chance of being schizophrenic if their twin is c Psychological Factors reaction to stress

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