UW-Madison COUNPSY 650 - Information Gathering Interview (8 pages)

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Information Gathering Interview

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Information Gathering Interview


Material for exam 2

Lecture number:
Lecture Note
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Counpsy 650 - Theory and Practice in Interviewing
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Couns Psych 650 Lecture 10 Outline of Last Lecture I Defining persuasion II Persuasion is NOT III Elaboration Likelihood Theory IV Elements of Persuasive Interviews V Guidelines for persuasive interviews VI Considerations Outline of Current Lecture I Information gathering interviews a Journalistic b Occupational c Research Current Lecture Individual and Cultural Differences Part II and Wrap up How we understand and think about difference affects our communication o I G or U Don t want to only focus on one o Working from a culturally diverse model of difference These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute o Language i e that s so weird Enculturation and Acculturation o Enculturation process of learning the acceptable values and behaviors and customs of one s own culture i e learning certain values customs etc o Acculturation the degree to which cultural values and behaviors are held when cultures meet i e adherence to certain values customs etc Negotiating Difference and Making Meaning cultural identity development models o Awareness struggle integration o Ex Black Identity Development cross White Racial Identity Development helms Feminist Identity Development downing rousch Multiethnic Identity Development phinney Multiethnic Identity Measure MEIM o Measure to determine attitude beliefs and behaviors associated with an individuals ethnic group Challenges Cultural Encapsulation o Don t recognize that it is important to recognize differences Seek solutions thru technique oriented strategies and quick or simple remedies Keep in mind o Individual differences are group influenced o Need to understand self to understand others o Multiple paths to develop self awareness of our individual and group identities I Information Gathering Interviews Journalistic o Provide and interpret information for audience o 2 main considerations Information telling a story Audience needs can vary need to assess o Pre interview preparation Who is the audience CWI IGU Similar to prospecting values assessment of persuasive interviews Who is the interviewee CWI IGU Fit the needs interests of the audience Most effective questions Info about the interviewee and the audience the people Background info on topic the content Stick to the objective ask questions without debating arguing Open ended questions elicit quotable responses o Ethical and practical considerations Importance of accuracy and need to be fair Fedler 1989 First hand source Fact checking Validation of materials Cross checking validation from 2 sources Corroboration of allegations Usefulness of info Unreliability of eyewitness accounts Preserve interviewee s opinion through quote rather than paraphrase o TYPES News Purpose what when where and who of event News Feature Purpose how and why of event Investigative Purpose explore issue in depth for purpose of coming to some conclusion Profile Purpose in depth view of a person o In sum Journalistic interviews Know your audience Get information ahead of time Pre interview preparation questions Ethical and practical considerations fairness accuracy Types news news feature investigative profile Occupational informational o Learn about day to day realities of work o NOT selectional job interview o Why Explore career job Inquire about real work being performed in that job Gain up to date knowledge terminology Assess person environment fit predicts work satisfaction Build a network o Theory of work adjustment TWA Model that describes the interaction and fit between a person and the environment Person skills needs Job demands reinforcements Do person s skills match demands of job Satisfactoriness Do persons needs match reinforcements of job Satisfaction When both match correspondence o How to find interviewee Pre structured programs recruitments Initiative to contact individuals Referral Letter Phone Drop in Willing to be interviewed o Effective Inquiry Different question types depending on your goals Lot of open ended o Questions about occupational environment Typical day Job culture Flexibility Dress hours vacation travel o Questions about qualifications requirements What do you need to get the job and be successful Degree certification special training courses Knowledge base Experiences Traits characteristics o Questions about personal connection to career o Questions about duties Daily monthly yearly expectations Work schedule Choice of duties Timing of duties o Questions about job outlook future opportunities Opportunities for growth advancements Current future demand Salary benefits o Questions to get advice People like to give advice makes them feel like there is trust interest How can I get more info Others I can talk with Professional groups I should join o Don t forget the follow up Thank you card email Express interest Future contact say look forward to speaking with you in future Advice Mentorship Research o Gather info test hypotheses discover meanings o Start with research question Specific Answerable o Hypotheses and meanings about what how Identify group of interest Sample recruit willing participants o 2 methods Quantitative Highly standardized Might be experimental Data is in form of numbers Qualitative Less structured More narrative Data is in form of words phrases themes etc o Goal reliable and valid data scores info Reliability precision Validity accuracy Helping people o Reliability precision dependability test retest reliability same answer with different interviewer o Validity accuracy actually capturing measuring what we intended to capture right questions Do responses actually capture parts or all of something else do our interpretations change the data o Most frequent use qualitative research Explore new topics Gain more depth on established knowledge

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