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D A Carson Peter T O Brien and Mark A Seifrid eds The Complexities of Second Temple Judaism Vol 1 of Justification and Variegated Nomism T bingen Grand Rapids Mohr Siebeck Baker 2001 xiii 619 pp n p The massive book Paul and Palestinian Judaism A Comparison of Patterns of Religion 1977 written by E P Sanders has exerted a tremendous influence on NT scholarship Sanders opposed by carefully scrutinizing Jewish literature from Qumran to Tannaitic Judaism the oft repeated claim that Judaism was legalistic and that Paul responded to such legalism It is fair to say that the position argued by Sanders though it has been qualified by various scholars represents the new consensus Most scholars would now agree that Judaism in the second temple period cannot fairly be identified as legalistic The work edited by Carson O Brien and Seifrid represents a response to and an adjustment of the thesis argued by Sanders and others Two volumes are planned the first covers the literature of second temple Judaism whereas the second will examine the Pauline writings The first volume does not of course attempt to investigate the literature of second temple Judaism comprehensively The respective authors concentrate on the soteriology of such writings at the risk of distorting the main purpose and function of the works in question Particularly most of the essays ask whether the covenantal nomism of Sanders accurately portrays the authors or writings consulted The book contains sixteen chapters Carson wrote the introduction and the conclusion which also contains his summaries of the various chapters The remaining chapters examine various writings authors and types of literature in second Temple Judaism Prayers and Psalms Daniel Falk Scripture Based Stories in the Pseudepigrapha Craig Evans Expansions of Scripture Peter Enns Didactic Stories Philip Davies Apocalypses Richard Bauckham Testaments Robert Kugler Wisdom Donald Gowan Josephus Paul Spilsbury Torah and Salvation in Tannaitic Literature



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