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14 Sep 2001 14 6 AR ar143 14 ho tex ar143 14 ho sgm ARv2 2001 05 10 P1 GJB Annu Rev Energy Environ 2001 26 391 434 c by Annual Reviews All rights reserved Copyright THE PCAST ENERGY STUDIES Toward a National Consensus on Energy Research Development Demonstration and Deployment Policy John P Holdren1 and Samuel F Baldwin2 1 John F Kennedy School of Government Harvard University Cambridge Massachusetts 02138 and 2US Department of Energy Washington DC 20585 e mail john holdren harvard edu sam baldwin ee doe gov Key Words energy efficiency fossil energy nuclear energy renewable energy fusion Abstract During the period 1995 1999 the President s Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology PCAST produced three major energy studies at President Clinton s request The panels that conducted these studies were broadly constituted from the academic industrial and NGO nongovernmental organization sectors and their recommendations were unanimous These efforts a helped lay the foundation for several major energy initiatives of the second Clinton term including the Climate Change Technology Initiative the Nuclear Energy Research Initiative and the International Clean Energy Initiative b helped launch energy R D activities on methane hydrates and geological sequestration of carbon dioxide and c strengthened related activities such as the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles the Partnership for Advancing Technologies in Housing the fossil power Vision 21 Program and the National Bioenergy Initiative Federal budgets for research development demonstration and deployment of advanced energy technologies have increased substantially over the past four years but they still fall short of PCAST s recommendations and a number of the PCAST recommendations on matters other than budget have yet to be fully implemented The PCAST energy studies demonstrate the possibility of forging consensus around key energy issues and provide a foundation on which it is hoped the continuing pursuit

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