View Full Document

Organizational Commitment and Psychological Attachmen



View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

3 views

Unformatted text preview:

Journal of Applied Psychology 1986 Vol 71 No 3 492 499 Copyright 1986 by the American Psychological Association Inc 0021 9010 86 00 75 Organizational Commitment and Psychological Attachment The Effects of Compliance Identification and Internalization on Prosocial Behavior Charles O Reilly III and Jennifer Chatman University of California Berkeley Previous research on organizational commitment has typically not focused on the underlying dimensions of psychological attachment to the organization Results of two studies using university employees N 82 and students N 162 suggest that psychological attachment may be predicated on compliance identification and internalization e g Kelman 19S8 Identification and internalization are positively related to prosocial behaviors and negatively related to turnover Internalization is predictive of financial donations to a fund raising campaign Overall the results suggest the importance of clearly specifying the underlying dimensions of commitment using notions of psychological attachment and the various forms such attachment can take In the past decade the construct of organizational commitment has occupied a prominent place in organizational behavior research Mowday Porter Steers 1982 Salancik 1977 Staw Ross 1978 Unfortunately as Morrow 1983 p 486 has pointed out the growth in commitment related concepts has not been accompanied by a careful segmentation of commitment s theoretical domain in terms of intended meaning of each concept or the concepts relationships among each other By her count there are over 25 commitment related concepts and measures Staw 1977 for instance has noted that the value of commitment as a separate construct distinct from other psychological concepts such as motivation involvement or behavioral intention remains to be demonstrated What is needed are theoretical and operational definitions that clearly differentiate commitment and its components from other related constructs Gould 1979 Kanungo 1979 Scholl



Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Organizational Commitment and Psychological Attachmen and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Organizational Commitment and Psychological Attachmen and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?