REED POLITICAL SCIENCE 240 - Theoretical Review (4 pages)

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Theoretical Review



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Theoretical Review

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Pages:
4
School:
Reed College
Course:
Political Science 240 - Introduction to International Politics

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POL 240 Introduction to International Politics Theoretical Review 2010 10 26 Overview Introduction Levels of Analysis Paradigms Four Paradigms Debates Realism Liberalism Constructivism Feminism Conditions for Cooperation Balancing and Bandwagoning Democratic Peace Organizations Three Levels of Analysis Singer 1960 Waltz 1959 1st Level Individual 2nd Level State State level Nature of some States Democracies are less warlike Individual States The US seeks power Organization level Nature of Man Man seeks Power Men seek power Individual Leaders George Bush seeks power Nature of Organizations SOPs lead to errors Individual Organizations The DOD seeks power 3rd Level State System Interaction Interaction among Units Democracies don t attack each other Relational Arguments Allies don t attack each other Structure Distribution of Power Threat Interests Bipolar is more stable than multipolar Positional Arguments Hegemons seek power Paradigms Different Paradigms realism liberalism constructivism feminism can be seen as Competing perspectives on the world Explaining different phenomena A division of labor between determining interests and outcomes Empirical bets on the frequency of international phenomena Realism Origins Thucydides 1972 400 BC Premise Justice only exists between equals Prescription Strong do what they will weak suffer what they must Hobbes 1909 1651 Premises Prescription Men are equal which leads to diffidence suspicion which along with competition and glory leads to war Submit to central authority Without central authority man is in a state of war no peace Classical Realism Morgenthau 1948 Premises Analysis Objectivity World is separate can be observed relatively constant National interest is defined as power 1st Level Man desires power control of man over man as an end 2nd Level Some states better than others at balancing not democracies 3rd Level Consider the interests of others Prescriptions Minimize risks maximize benefits balance power Structural Realism



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