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Chapter 3 Diversity in the Classroom

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Chapter 3Sources of Cultural IdentityDefinition of Terms IDefinition of Terms IIDiversity in Our ClassroomsWorldviewCultural Influences on Behavior ICultural Influences on Behavior IICultural Influences on Behavior IIISchools and TeachersMulticultural Approach in the ClassroomExploring Cultural IdentitySummaryBehavior Management: Positive Applications for Teachers, Sixth Edition© 2012, 2008, 2005 Pearson Education, Inc.All rights reserved.Chapter 3Diversity in the ClassroomBehavior Management: Positive Applications for Teachers, 6e – Zirpoli ISBN: 0137065221 © 2012, 2008, 2005 Pearson Education, Inc.All Rights Reserved.3-2Sources of Cultural IdentityTeachers should be knowledgeable:Race and ethnicityReligion – particularly non-ChristianSexual orientationHealthLanguageAbility/disabilityGenderBehavior Management: Positive Applications for Teachers, 6e – Zirpoli ISBN: 0137065221 © 2012, 2008, 2005 Pearson Education, Inc.All Rights Reserved.3-3Definition of Terms ICultureAn umbrella term that denotes a complex integrated system of values, beliefs, and behaviors common to a large group of people.EthnicityA group classification in which members believe that they share a common origin and a unique social and cultural heritage.Behavior Management: Positive Applications for Teachers, 6e – Zirpoli ISBN: 0137065221 © 2012, 2008, 2005 Pearson Education, Inc.All Rights Reserved.3-4Definition of Terms IIRaceAn anthropological concept that classifies people according to their physiological characteristics.Behavior Management: Positive Applications for Teachers, 6e – Zirpoli ISBN: 0137065221 © 2012, 2008, 2005 Pearson Education, Inc.All Rights Reserved.3-5Diversity in Our ClassroomsRacial/ethnic minorities - over 37% of elementary & secondary studentsAfrican-Americans disproportionately represented in special educationHispanic/Latino Americans – fastest growing populationAsian-Americans – also fast growing ethnic groupBehavior Management: Positive Applications for Teachers, 6e – Zirpoli ISBN: 0137065221 © 2012, 2008, 2005 Pearson Education, Inc.All Rights Reserved.3-6WorldviewDescribes how a person perceives his/her relationship to the worldFive Categories of WorldviewNatureTime orientationActivity orientationHuman relationshipsHuman natureBehavior Management: Positive Applications for Teachers, 6e – Zirpoli ISBN: 0137065221 © 2012, 2008, 2005 Pearson Education, Inc.All Rights Reserved.3-7Cultural Influences on Behavior ICollectivism v. individualismIndividual behavior involves activities and events designed to emphasize selfCollateral behavior is used to describe actions dedicated to advancing the endurance and improvement of the communityBehavior Management: Positive Applications for Teachers, 6e – Zirpoli ISBN: 0137065221 © 2012, 2008, 2005 Pearson Education, Inc.All Rights Reserved.3-8Cultural Influences on Behavior IIVerbal v. nonverbal communicationLanguage switchingRespectful behaviorCultures vary in what is defined as acceptable and respectful behaviorChild rearing and discipline practicesKeep a balance between teacher’s classroom discipline and awareness of cultural variationsBehavior Management: Positive Applications for Teachers, 6e – Zirpoli ISBN: 0137065221 © 2012, 2008, 2005 Pearson Education, Inc.All Rights Reserved.3-9Cultural Influences on Behavior IIIAcculturation and enculturationStudents must learn to balance family cultural connections and school community connectionsMay need to develop a third cultureRelationshipsSocial behaviors and rules are different in different culturesBehavior Management: Positive Applications for Teachers, 6e – Zirpoli ISBN: 0137065221 © 2012, 2008, 2005 Pearson Education, Inc.All Rights Reserved.3-10Schools and TeachersRecommendations:Help students deal with feelings of alienationValue extended familyFacilitate positive parent-school relationshipMaintain high expectationsBehavior Management: Positive Applications for Teachers, 6e – Zirpoli ISBN: 0137065221 © 2012, 2008, 2005 Pearson Education, Inc.All Rights Reserved.3-11Multicultural Approach in the ClassroomCelebrate diversityCelebrating cultures encourages positive view of self and of differences observed in othersExample:Invite students to talk about family traditions, special foods, and customsBehavior Management: Positive Applications for Teachers, 6e – Zirpoli ISBN: 0137065221 © 2012, 2008, 2005 Pearson Education, Inc.All Rights Reserved.3-12Exploring Cultural IdentityIt is essential that every educator…Explore his or her own cultural identityRaise awareness of values/biases that may interfere with providing an accepting classroom environment.Behavior Management: Positive Applications for Teachers, 6e – Zirpoli ISBN: 0137065221 © 2012, 2008, 2005 Pearson Education, Inc.All Rights Reserved.3-13SummaryIn order to better understand a child’s behavior, teachers should…1. Learn about students’ cultures and how it influences behavior2. Have a clear sense of personal worldview and cultural


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