OLS 284-Exam 1 Study Guide

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OLS 284-Exam 1 Study Guide

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Pages:
11
School:
Purdue University
Course:
Ols 28400 - Leadership Principles

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OLS 284 Exam 1 Study Guide Chapter 1: The Nature of Leadership What is the most common element in definitions of leadership? (From the lecture: Influence) (Page 8)  Efforts not only to influence and facilitate the current work of the group or organization, but also to ensure that it is prepared to meet future challenges.  “Leadership is the process of influencing others to understand and agree about what needs to be done and how to do it, and the process of facilitating individual and collective efforts to accomplish shared objectives.” What is self-efficacy? How does it relate to leadership effectiveness? (From Self-Assessment #1)  Self-efficacy is the extent or strength of one’s belief in one’s own ability to complete tasks and reach goals.  It relates to leadership effectiveness because leaders must typically be confident to be effective.  Measuring the Effectiveness of a Leader 1. Follower attitudes and perceptions of the leader 2. Leader’s contribution to the quality of group processes 3. Performance and growth of leader’s group or organization 4. Extent to which a person has a successful career as a leader What is Idiosyncrasy credit? (From Lecture)  The credits a person earns, over time, by conforming to group norms; if enough idiosyncrasy credits are earned, the person can, on occasion, behave deviantly without retribution from the group Chapter 2: The Nature of Managerial Work 1 According to Mintzberg, which type of role is likely to get the highest priority? (See page 55)  Disturbance Handler Role Which are the four general processes in managerial work and how do they differ? (Decision-Making, Exchanging Information, Developing and Maintaining Relations and Influencing) (Page 65)  Decision Making  Influencing  Developing and Maintaining Relationships  Exchanging Information What are some of the causes for changes in managerial work? (Pages 62 and 63)  Globalization  Cultural diversity  International issues  New computer and telecommunications technology  Changes in the structure of organizations  Increased reliance on outside suppliers, consultants, and contractors What are recommendations for effective time management? (Pages 66-8)  Understand the reasons for demands and constraints  Expand the range of choices  Determine what you want to accomplish  Analyze how you use your time  Plan daily and weekly activities  Avoid unnecessary activities  Conquer procrastination  Take advantage or reactive activities  Make time for reflective planning 2 Chapter 3: Perspectives on Effective Leadership Behavior What are examples of “Initiating Structure” as defined in the Ohio State studies? (Page 94)  Assigning tasks to subordinates  Maintaining definite standards of performance  Asking subordinates to follow standard procedures  Emphasizing the importance of meeting deadlines  Criticizing poor work  Coordinating the activities of different subordinates Consideration by a leader is most likely to result in: (Page 95)  Fewer grievances  Less turnover Fleishman and Harris found that grievances and turnover were lowest when: (Page 95)  Supervisors were considerate According to Blake and Mouton, effective leaders in relation ...


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