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Do Immigrants Work in Riskier Jobs



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Do Immigrants Work in Riskier Jobs Pia M Orrenius Ph D Research Department Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas and IZA 2200 N Pearl St Dallas TX 75201 214 922 5747 pia orrenius dal frb org Madeline Zavodny Ph D corresponding author Department of Economics Agnes Scott College and IZA 141 E College Ave Decatur GA 30030 404 471 6377 mzavodny agnesscott edu Direct correspondence to Madeline Zavodny Box 1189 Agnes Scott College 141 E College Ave Decatur GA 30030 mzavodny agnesscott edu We thank the Chief Justice Earl Warren Institute for Race Ethnicity and Diversity Boalt Law School University of California Berkeley for financial support The views expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas or the Federal Reserve System Madeline Zavodny will provide data and coding information to those wishing to replicate the study Do Immigrants Work in Riskier Jobs Abstract Media and government reports suggest that immigrants hold jobs with worse working conditions than U S born workers perhaps because immigrants work in jobs that natives don t want This study investigates whether the foreign born are more likely to hold jobs with higher industry and occupation injury and fatality rates We combine individual level data from the 2003 2005 American Community Survey with Bureau of Labor Statistics data on work related injuries and fatalities to measure whether immigrants work in more dangerous industries and occupations than natives The results indicate that immigrants are more likely to work in risky jobs than U S born workers Differences in average characteristics such as immigrants lower English language ability and educational attainment contribute to their overrepresentation in risky jobs 1 Do Immigrants Work in Riskier Jobs Stylized facts suggest that the foreign born are more likely to work in risky jobs than natives 1 For example immigrants are disproportionately employed in agriculture and construction sectors with



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