SC POLI 365 - State Legistlatures and State Redistricting (3 pages)

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State Legistlatures and State Redistricting



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State Legistlatures and State Redistricting

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Discusses the similarities and differences in legislatures across states, as well as how state redistricting works.


Lecture number:
8
Pages:
3
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University Of South Carolina-Columbia
Course:
Poli 365 - State Government

Unformatted text preview:

POLI 365 1nd Edition Lecture 8 Outline of Last Lecture I Electing State Government Officials cont II Voter Turnout III Traditional Democratic Domination of the South IV Realignment Outline of Current Lecture I Legislative Structure II State Redistricting Current Lecture I Legislative Structure a In basic structure about all of the states are the same b Size of State Legislatures i Smallest Nebraska 49 legislatures 1 Only state to have a unicameral legislature only one chamber ii Largest New Hampshire 424 legislatures in both houses iii Average 148 legislatures iv South Carolina 170 legislatures v Costs and Benefits of Larger Legislatures 1 Benefits more representation more homogenous groups 2 Costs more costly less efficient c Election of Legislatures i Single member districts districts are represented by one person ii Multi member districts districts are represented by more than one person 8 states have multi member districts This is usually beneficial for areas with high population density As a whole multi membered districts are not beneficial to minorities 1 Pooled elections all candidates are on the same ballot and are running against each other These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute II 2 Seats only elect one person at a time for a specific seat d Terms of Office i Mostly 4 years for Senate 2 years for House US Senate 6 years ii Term Limits a limit on the number of terms that a state legislature can hold their job Some states have term limits others do not State Redistricting a State redistricting process of redrawing state districts States have the authority to determine lines for both US Congressional districts and state house and senate districts The lines are updated after the US census every 10 years i The federal government decides how many congressional districts we get as a state but the states decide how to draw them b Who redistricts i



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