MIT 21A 460J - Study Guide (3 pages)

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Study Guide



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Study Guide

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Lecture Notes


Pages:
3
School:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Course:
21a 460j - Medicine, Religion and Politics in Africa and the African Diaspora

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21A 460 SP 620 Medicine Religion and Politics in Africa and the African Diaspora February 15 2005 Johannes Fabian Out of Our Minds 2000 Analyzing myth of exploring adventuring and understanding across cultures Background 1987 University of Chicago Professor Chair of Cultural Anthropology in Amsterdam Focuses on history of Anthropology Book Outlines the elements taken into consideration in explorers accounts of their travels in Africa Explorers were engaged in scientific investigation based on subjective measures of time they were biased and unscientific in methodology and analysis Issues with hygiene could have affected their methods fever dysentery melancholia seriously affected explorers o Issues of hygiene not just limited to issues of physical cleanliness Hygiene also considered a set of practices of body and mind represents cultural values The realities of travel made exchange of food other goods a part of the process of making science Explorers had issues with nostalgia melancholia that strongly influenced how they interpreted their surroundings They also had superiority complexes that gave them preconceived notions and affected their methodology in interacting with natives Science values putting forth a method to study phenomena objectively but Fabian is arguing that what the explorers did did not follow true science Explorers had assumption that Europeans only have civilization Exploration was chaotic did not allow systematic methodology or careful observation and the explorers may have lost control of their own rationality Notion of ecstasis how to move across cultural boundaries Africans were sexualized in the accounts of the explorers o Could be a reflection of what they actually saw or reflects the explorers own preconceptions or evaluations based on their own cultural standards Explorers were not able to understand a different context o Ex Moods and Feelings explorers were condescending about humor and what makes something humorous Did not understand



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