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Ueno M Garnsey S M in press Gap filling vs filling gaps Event related brain indices of subject and object relative clauses in Japanese In N H McGloin and J Mori Eds Proceedings of the 15th Japanese Korean Linguistics Conference pp 288 301 Stanford CA CSLI Publications Gap filling vs filling gaps Event related brain indices of subject and object relative clauses in Japanese MIEKO UENO1 2 SUSAN M GARNSEY2 1 University of California San Diego 2 University of Illinois Urbana Champaign 1 Introduction The fundamental question we aim to address in this paper is how syntactically distinct languages are processed in the brain By investigating such a question we hope to find language universal and specific aspects of sentence comprehension and thereby to narrow the gap between linguistic and cognitive neuroscientific approaches to language Event related brain potentials ERPs are useful in this endeavor as they reveal millisecond bymillisecond changes in neural activity during language comprehension This study investigates the processing of Japanese subject vs object relative clauses using both self paced reading times and ERPs We compare the processing of gap filler dependencies in Japanese relative clauses to the processing of filler gap dependencies in English We discuss theoretical and experimental background on English and Japanese relative clauses in Section 2 and report our reading time and ERP experiments in Sections 3 and 4 Section 5 discusses the implications of the experimental results followed by a conclusion in Section 6 This work was supported by the University of Illinois Research Board and by an NIMH postdoctoral fellowship T32 MH19554 to the first author 2 2 Background 2 1 English vs Japanese relative clauses Consider subject and object relative clauses in English in 1 1 a Subject relative SR the reporter whoi i attacked the senator FILLER GAP b Object relative OR the reporter whoi the senator attacked i FILLER GAP A number of studies show that ORs are harder



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