U of M MAPL 5112 - The "Holy Crusade" (12 pages)

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The "Holy Crusade"



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The "Holy Crusade"

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Lecture Notes


Pages:
12
School:
University of Minnesota- Twin Cities
Course:
Mapl 5112 - Advocacy in the Public Sector: Service in the Elected Branch
Advocacy in the Public Sector: Service in the Elected Branch Documents

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The Holy Crusade The Holy Crusade The specitic strategy behind the deployment of CIO organizers across the South in May 1946 reflected a high level CIO decision to create a tightly centralized operation firmly under the personal control of the campaign s director Van A Bittner The jurisdictional problems inherent in a multi union drive received a simple straightforward solution the CIO Southern Organizing Committee s SOC Atlanta office would decide after a successful organizing campaign which international union would inherit jurisdiction over the new C10 members The assignment of organizers to states and at the outset even to regions of states was similarly centralized in the Atlanta SOC office The initiation fees to be collected with each signed union card would be sent to Atlanta all petitions for NLRB elections would also be forwarded there and finally all state directors would report directly to Bittner separate from any contact with their own internationals To emphasize the subordinate role of everyone to Atlanta and to stress as well the priority of organizing over political activity Bittner instructed all state directors to resign from any CIO Political Action Committee to which they might belong The Southern Organizing Committee radiating out of Atlanta was to be a tightly knit scalpel clean force of trade union activists stripped of any preoccupations that did not directly coincide with the task of organizing the unorganized It was to be a no frills campaign Bittner a veteran of the United Mine Workers had been appointed to head the Southern campaign by CIO Presi 23 dent Philip Murray one month earlier Murray had also chosen George Baldanzi as deputy director of the drive As it turned out Bittner served Operation Dixie essentially as a civil servant carrying out the strategic wishes of Philip Murray and the CIO Executive Board Actual direction of the campaign was in the hands of the more energetic Baldanzi Bittner could perhaps fairly be characterized as



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