Chico GEOS 342 - The Rock Cycle (114 pages)

Previewing pages 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114 of 114 page document View the full content.
View Full Document

The Rock Cycle



Previewing pages 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114 of actual document.

View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

The Rock Cycle

82 views

Lecture Notes


Pages:
114
School:
California State University, Chico
Course:
Geos 342 - Concepts in Earth and Space Sciences

Unformatted text preview:

The Rock Cycle 2008 Ann Bykerk Kauffman Dept of Geological and Environmental Sciences California State University Chico Weathering and Erosion Transportation Uplift and Exposure Igneous Rocks Volcanic Deposition Rapid Solidification Sediments Compaction and Cementation Igneous Rocks Plutonic Sedimentary Rocks Slow Crystallization Metamorphism Metamorphic Rocks Magma Melting B 1 Supported by NSF Grant 9455371 Permission is granted to reproduce this material for classroom use B 1 B 2 The Rock Cycle Supplementary Readings on Minerals 2008 Ann Bykerk Kauffman Dept of Geological and Environmental Sciences California State University Chico The Geological Definition of the Term Mineral There are five characteristics that an Earth material must possess in order to be considered a mineral Although what the book says is generally correct I prefer my way of stating these characteristics Please learn the five characteristics of a mineral as stated below For any earth material to be considered a mineral it must exhibit ALL of the following characteristics a It must be naturally occurring b It must be inorganic was never alive c It must be a solid d It must be crystalline and all samples of the same mineral must have the same crystalline structure e It must possess a definite chemical composition and different samples of the same mineral may vary in chemical composition only within specified narrow limits Clarification of Terms Naturally occurring means that it is not made by humans in a laboratory or factory Inorganic means that it is not made of organic molecules When scientists call a substance organic they mean that the substance is made of complex molecules composed primarily of carbon and hydrogen Examples of organic substances include oil protein wood and leaves Organic substances are almost always made by living things Inorganic substances are usually made by processes that do not involve living things although they can be made by living things Seashells for example are



View Full Document

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view The Rock Cycle and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view The Rock Cycle and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?