UNCP BIO 4320 - Protected Areas (2 pages)

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Protected Areas



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Protected Areas

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Lecture Notes


Pages:
2
School:
University of North Carolina at Pembroke
Course:
Bio 4320 - Lec: Conservation Biology (corequisite Lab) We

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Ch7 Protected Areas It is more effective to conserve diverse areas instead of single species Protecting priority species protects whole community Protect areas based on taxonomic uniqueness overall biodiversity threat of endangerment I Protected areas A Drive peaked in 1970 s See page 215 Table 7 1 B May cover 10 15 of Earth s land surface C 160 countries have protected areas a largest park is in Greenland 5 of Earth s protected area b leaders Germany Austria UK D Marine ecosystems 1 1 is protected need greater protection 2 protection hindered by a species migration b fishing interests international agreements c spread of pollution d difficulty policing E How can areas be protected 1 govern action usually national 2 individ or conservation organizations purchase land 3 biological field stations 4 customs of indigenous peoples II Priorities for protection A Conserve sites having 1 greatest of rare endemics or unique spp 2 species in danger of extinction 3 species having present or potential value to humans B Protect focal species 1 e g endangered or keystone 2 indicator of unique ecosystem processes or endangered community 3 flagship species charismatic megafauna captures public sentiment 4 umbrella species the protection of which offers protection to many other species C Who establishes species plans conservation priorites 1 in Americas the Natural Heritage Programs Conservation Data Centers 2 IUCN Species Survival Commission Action Plan D Choose based on taxa indicative of much diversity E Conserve ecosystems III Hotspots A Have great biodiversity endemism immediate threat of extinctions B Global 25 hotspots Page 224 Figure 7 5 C U S hotspots Southwest Appalachia Southeast Hawaii CA D Megadiversity countries IV Gap analysis How good are conservation programs A Compares biodiversity priorities with areas protected or proposed for protection B Systematic approach 1 document spp ecosystems physical features of regions 2 set goals for amount of area species to be



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