Stanford CEE 243 - THE SCOPE AND ROLE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN CONSTRUCTION (17 pages)

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THE SCOPE AND ROLE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN CONSTRUCTION



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THE SCOPE AND ROLE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN CONSTRUCTION

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Pages:
17
School:
Stanford University
Course:
Cee 243 - Predicting And Measuring Building Energy Use (cee 143)

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THE SCOPE AND ROLE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN CONSTRUCTION Martin FISCHER1 and John KUNZ2 1Associate Member of ASCE Ph D Assoc Professor Dept of Civil and Env Eng Stanford Univ and Director Center for Integrated Facility Engineering Terman Eng Ctr 380 Panama Mall Stanford CA 94305 4020 USA E mail fischer stanford edu 2Ph D Sr Research Scientist Dept of Civil and Env Eng Stanford Univ and Executive Director Center for Integrated Facility Engineering CIFE CIFE Building 550 416 Escondido Mall Stanford CA 94305 4020 E mail kunz stanford edu 1 CURRENTLY PREVALENT SCOPE AND ROLE OF IT To set the stage for the points in this paper we first summarize current use of information technology IT in construction The last twenty years have seen dramatic improvements in and widespread use of IT to describe and document the work of the many disciplines involved in construction projects Today practically all project information is entered into software tools or generated by computer programs and is represented in the many different formats used by the many disciplines involved in a project The software tools tend to be general purpose tools like spreadsheet and text processing software or specialized discipline specific tools like mechanical CAD programs or cost estimating software As shown in Figure 1 the formats commonly used to represent information in construction include text documents 2D and 3D drawings schedules in bar chart and other formats various diagrams and charts tables etc For most decisions about a project engineers from different disciplines like those shown in the picture of a typical project meeting Figure 1 a designer project manager cost estimator scheduler and MEP mechanical electrical and piping coordinator need to share their information with others on the project team The purpose of the meeting shown in Figure 1 was to coordinate the detailed design and construction methods cost and schedule for an office building In this meeting each engineer formed an



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